Properties of Germanium
Atomic Mass: 72.61 amu
Atomic Radius in [pm]: 125pm
Density:5.323 grams per cubic centimeter
Melting point:1211.40k [938.25'c or 1720.85]
Boiling point:3106[2833'c or 5131'F]
At room Temp.[22c] This element is a: solid
Appearance: not known to be toxic. Features,
lustrous, hard, gray-white, semi-metallic element
with crystalline and brittle structure.
Conductivity: A heat conductor. 60w[mk]
Flammability: flammable gas [2.1]
Reactivity:Germanium reacts with oxygen
in air to form germanium dioxide.
Atomic Number: 32
Mass Number: 72.61
Location on the Periodic Table: Germanium is located on the right hand side of the periodic table toward the middle.
History & Discovery:
When: The element Germanium was discovered in 1886.
Where: Germanium was discovered in Germany.
Who: Clemens Winkler was the first to discover the element Germanium.
How & why?: The element Germanium was discovered in a mineral called argyrodite by Clemens Winkler in 1886.
Applications & uses
Applications & Uses
Isotopes: Isotopes in the element Germanium are mainly used for the production of medical As and Se radioisotopes.
Compounds: Uses of Germanium is for the semiconductor Industry. The amounts of arsenic, gallium, antimonu, or phosphorus is used in Germanium to make transistors used in electronic devices.
Clemens Winklers name for Germanium comes from a latin 'Germania' meaning Germany. It is a latin word for the german region. Germanium is used to create alloys.
Germanium is not known to be toxic.