DEFORESTATION=TERMINATION : BY ARIC!
TOP 5 PLACES WITH A LOT OF DEFORESTATION
Here are the top 5 countries that have deforestation:
1) Honduras: -37%
Historically Honduras was pretty much entirely covered by trees, with half a percent of the land not forested. Today about half of that remains (52%), with just about 16% existing in a frontier forest state. Between 1990-2005, Honduras saw a decline of 37% in its forest cover.
2) Nigeria: -36%
About half the land in Nigeria used to be covered in trees. Today all but about 10% of those have been chopped down, and less than one percent exist as frontier forest. Nigeria has removed 36% of its trees in the past two decades.
3) The Philippines: -32%
The islands that make up the Philippines used to be all forested. Today only 35% of those forests remain; the only (slightly) good news in that is about 28% remain as frontier forest. But with a deforestation rate over the past twenty or so years of 26%, the future isn't so bright.
4) Benin: -31%
Benin didn't start out with great amounts of forest cover -- only about 16% of the land used to be forested -- and a high deforestation rate of 31% doesn't help preserve what remains. Less than 4% of those original forests remain, and none in a frontier forest state.
5) Ghana: -28%At one point about two-thirds of Ghana was covered with forest; now, less than 10% of that forest cover remains and none as frontier forest. At a rate of decline since 1990 of 28%, that remaining forest doesn't stand a chance without better forestry practices.
EFFECTS OF DEFORESTATION
Water cycle: Trees are important to the water cycle. They absorb rainfall and produce water vapor that is released into the atmosphere. Trees also lessen the pollution in water, according to the North Carolina State University, by stopping polluted runoff. In the Amazon, more than half the water in the ecosystem is held within the plants, according to the National Geographic Society.
Soil erosion: Tree roots anchor the soil. Without trees, the soil is free to wash or blow away, which can lead to vegetation growth problems. The WWF states that scientists estimate that a third of the world’s arable land has been lost to deforestation since 1960. After a clear cutting, cash crops like coffee, soy and palm oil are planted. Planting these types of trees can cause further soil erosion because their roots cannot hold onto the soil. "The situation in Haiti compared to the Dominican Republic is a great example of the important role forests play in the water cycle," Daley said. Both countries share the same island, but Haiti has much less forest cover than the Dominican Republic. As a result, Haiti has endured more extreme soil erosion, flooding and landslide issues.
Life quality: Soil erosion can also lead to silt entering the lakes, streams and other water sources. This can decrease local water quality and contribute to poor health in populations in the area.
WHAT DEFORESTATION IS!
HOW DEFORESTATION EFFECTS THE EARTH!!!!
About half of the world's tropical forests have been cleared (FAO)
Forests currently cover about 30 percent of the world’s land mass (National Geographic)
Forest loss contributes between 6 percent and 12 percent of annual global
carbon dioxide emissions (Nature Geoscience)
About 36 football fields worth of trees lost every minute (World Wildlife Fund (WWF))
"Deforestation: Facts, Causes & Effects." LiveScience.com. Web. 27 Apr. 2016.
McDermott, Mat. "10 Countries With the Highest Deforestation Rates in the World." TreeHugger. Web. 27 Apr. 2016
"Save the Amazon." Greenpeace International. Web. 27 Apr. 2016.
"Solutions to Deforestation." Greenpeace USA Solutions to Deforestation Comments. Web. 27 Apr. 2016.