VCR Lesson 5 Presentation

Nicole Dalrymple

FILL IN THE BLANK WITH THE MOST FITTING WORD FROM LESSON 5

Joe's weekend was extremely _________ ; he studied and worked on homework the entire time.

WORD

Ponderous (adj.)

There are 3 possible definitions of ponderous:

  1. Extremely heavy; massive.
  2. Unwieldy or awkward
  3. Dull or tedious


*Ponderous can be used to describe solemn or boring people.

ROOTS

Pendo, Pendere, Pependi, Pensum (L.) "to cause to hang down," "to weigh"

Pondero, Ponderare, Ponderavi, Ponderatum (L.) "to weigh"

BOOK EXAMPLES

1. Although they lacked wheeled vehicles, the Incas moved ponderous stones across high Andean passes to build cities like Machu Picchu.

2. The ponderous galleons of the Spanish Armada were no match for the light, fast British ships, able to strike and then dart out of firing range.

3. The Pilgrim's Progress may seem ponderous to some readers because of its heavily moral tone, but it remains the epitome of literary allegory.

SYNONYMS

1.
  • Substantial
  • Hefty
  • Sizable
2.
  • Cumbersome
  • Unmanageable
  • Clumsy
3.
  • Monotonous
  • Boring
  • Uneventful

ANTONYMS

1.
  • Light
  • Delicate
  • Small
2.
  • Manageable
  • Graceful
3.
  • Exciting
  • Engaging
  • Eventful

CHOOSE THE LETTER OF THE SENTENCE IN WHICH THE BOLD-FACED WORD IS USED INCORRECTLY

A) In the popular television show Friends, they try to carry a ponderous couch up a long flight of stairs.
B) The ponderous old car could not maneuver as well as newer models.
C) Outgoing Lisa was often described as ponderous because she liked to think everything over.
D) Bob went to bed early after a ponderous day full of
busywork and never ending lectures.
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CORRECT ANSWER

C
If Lisa is outgoing she would not be described as boring or tedious which is what ponderous means.
Ponderous should not be confused with ponder or pondering which mean "to think about something carefully."