End it All: It's Killing our Children Faster!
Working Conditions for Children.
The children risked many dangers when working, in the mines, some were crushed by equipment, others died from too much inhalation of coal dust. Mines were very dangerous, there were risks of flooding and explosions. In the factories, the children were sometimes caught in the machines and injured. The temperatures were very hot due to the lack of open windows, which were left closed to stabilize some of the products that were being created.
Child Labor in the Coal Mines
In the coal mines the children were used to do the work that required smaller and quicker bodies. The children were used to open air vents for whenever they would hear the carts coming through so that the other children could pull them through. Some of the children pulled heavy carts full of coal up steep, and narrow passage ways. They were exposed to awful air, and the inhalation would even kill them overtime.
Work in the Factories.
Children worked over 12 hours a day like the adults. The children had to fix the machinery if broken because they were tho only ones small enough that could. When fixing machinery, many children were injured from the machinery collapsing, and malfunctioning. In glass factories, the children would work around the glass furnaces, which made conditions for them very hot and unpleasant.
Why Were Children Used for Work?
Many children were hired to work because it was easier to take advantage of them. When children were hired it was because they were smaller, nimbler, and quicker at work than the adults. They were used to fix machines because of their size (they could fit under and reach into them easier), and to do spool work with their small fingers. It was easier for factory owners to hire children because they only had to pay them 1 shilling a week. Whereas men were paid 10 to 15 shillings a week, and women only 1/2 to 1/3 of that.
How it Got Better Over Time.
In the 1800's a series of Factory Acts were put into effect. The Acts reduced the hours that children worked to a max of 12 hours. They removed the children from under the ages of 8 or 9 to working in cotton mills, and enforced inspectors to make sure the law was not being broken. It was also a law that the child workers had to be educated.
Later, in the 1900's child labor was banned altogether, and the reign of using children was finally over.