Exciting Icons of the Middle Ages

Joan of Arc, William Conqueror, and King John

Joan of Arc

Biography

Also known as Jeanne d'Arc in france. Born in 1412 in France and died on May 30 1431. She was a strong, clairvoyant, religious person.

Memorable Moments

Joan's forces broke the English siege in only 10 days. She participated in the Battle of Orleans and helped King Charles VII become king of France. An unusual fact about her was that she wore pants (back then women were not supposed to wear pants). As said by Joan of Arc, "One life is all we have and we live it as we believe in living it. But to sacrifice what you and to live without belief,  that is a fate more terrible than dying." 

Importance

God had chosen her to help the King drive the English off of French land. We should care about her because she is a saint and we celebrate her day on May 30.

William the Conqueror

Biography

Born 1027-1087. A.K.A Duke of Normandy after his father's death. Ruled from 1066-1087. Ambitious and clever. Born in Falaise, Normandy and was son of Robert I.

Memorable Moments

Crushed a rebellion at the battle of Valesdunes in 1047 as well as other revolts which increased his power in Normandy. Destroyed Anglo- Saxon army and killed Harold at the Battle of Hastings on October 14, 1066. December 25, 1066, William was crowned King of England. "A man who has been the indisputable favorite of his mother keeps for life the feeling of a conqueror." -Sigmund Freud

Importance

Shaped England's feudal system so that the king, not the nobles, has supreme power. Creates a survey in England to help the king set up an accurate central tax system which will come to be known as the Doomsday Book.

King John

Biography

Born December 24 1166. Also Known as John Lackland. Lived 1166-1216 in the location of England. A hard-working administrator, an able man, and an able general.

Memorable Moments

John tries to kill his father, Henry II, and his second wife, Eleanor of Aquitaine (whom he hated). Nobles come to him and present to him the Magna Carta. He unsuccessfully tries a rebellion against his older brother's administrators while he was participating in the Third Crusade. "There can be no failure to a man who has lost his courage, his character, his self respect, or his self- confidence. He is still a King." -Orison Swett Marden. He liked music, but not songs. He also enjoyed gambling and reading books.

Importance

He signs the Magna Carta because if he doesn't he will die. The Magna Carta prevents him from collecting taxes from nobles without their consent or take their property without paying for it.