Causes of the Civil War

by Haydynn Roos. hour 5

Introduction

This is my timeline of the Causes of the Civil War. The causes were important because it shows how it all built up to the Civil War.

Missouri Compromise

The Missouri compromise was a compromise made when Missouri wanted to join the union as a state. They didn't want to upset the slave and free balance. So they made the compromise line, 36 30 that no states above it could become a slave state, with the exception of Missouri. Maine joined at the same time as Missouri, as a free state.


Causes of the Civil War Notes 1-1

Compromise of 1850

The compromise was made when the government didn't know what to do with the new land from Mexico. It was when California wanted to become a state, but the issues with the slave or free states balance in the way. Henry Clay created a new comprimse. They didn't want to lose California because of the amount of gold that was found there.

Fugitive Slave Act (1850)

The fugitive slave act was an act passed saying that it was illegal to help runaway slaves. The officials could arrest the slaves that were freed. The US commissioner would decide the slave's fate. When the act was passed thousands of slaves fled to Canada to try and save themselves.

Uncle tom's cabin is published

Uncle tom's cabin was written by Harriet Beecher Stowe. She made the book to inform people the evils of slavery from a slave's point of view. She was born into a quaker family and had always thought slavery was wrong. When the book was published it became so famous that it’s the second most sold book in the world, behind the bible. The book had a huge impact on the abolitionist movement

Kansas and Nebraska act

Senator Stephen Douglas introduced this act that had split the land. It created two territories, and Nebraska. He wanted to build a railroad from the midwest to the pacific coast. The territories decided if they were free of slave states by voting. Since Kansas was right next to Missouri, the Missouri people can and voted. Making Kansas a slave state. Eventually the gained statehood as a free state.

Dred Scott Decision

Dred Scott was a slave that traveled around with his Master, Dr. Emmerson. After Dr. Emerson died, Mrs. Emerson kept him and worked him for other people. In 1846, Dred Scott wanted to sue for him and his family's freedom. He went to court and pleaded that he became a free man when he lived in the free territory with Dr. Emerson. The court ruled that no African American man was a citizen and they didn't have a right to sue in federal court. During the case, the court ruled that the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional.

John Brown’s Raid on Harper's Ferry (1859)

John brown was an extremist abolitionist. He went to Virginia and raided the federal armory and tried to arm the slaves to revolt against their masters. None of the slaves showed up because they thought it was a hopeless case. John brown and his men hid out and were eventually caught by the US marines, John brown was sentenced to death and hung.

Election of 1860

During the election of 1860, the candidates running were Abraham Lincoln, John C. Breckenridge, Steven A. Douglas, and John Bell. After the election, the outcome was that the president would be Abraham Lincoln. This lead up to the Civil War because of the division between the north and south on slavery.

South Secedes (December 1860-June 1861)

When Abraham Lincoln won the election, the south started to secede. President Lincoln claimed that he wanted to stop slavery from growing, but he wouldn't completely get rid of it. Meaning the new slaves shipped from Africa wouldn't be allowed in America. It ended up destroying slavery, which the south didn't want so they seceded.

Was it inevitable that the United States had the Civil War or could it have been avoided?

I think it was inevitable because of all of the causes. It all built up and the amount of tension between the North and the South. Thye probably wouldn't have felt as if the problem was resolved it they just "talked it out" or if they had a peace treaty. The North and the South would still have the divided feeling and it wouldn't be like a union of they didn't.