VCR Presentation Lesson 6

Harika Jampani

Sentence

During World War II, Japan faced a _________________ event that destroyed Hiroshima, Nagasaki and its citizens.

Cataclysm

n. a disaster or catastrophe on such a large scale that biological, environmental, or cultural elements are permanently altered or irreparably lost to the earth

- something that causes great destruction and violence


Examples


  • floods
  • earthquakes
  • tornadoes
  • war
  • social or political change



Roots

  • kata- down


Alterations
  • adj. cataclysmal
  • adj. cataclysmic


Origin

  • 1599- French- cataclysme from Latin cataclysmos from Greek katakylsmos

Synonyms

  • disaster
  • catastrophe
  • calamity
  • disturbance
  • convulsion- violent social or political upheaval
  • upheaval- sudden change in something

Antonyms

  • calm
  • peaceful
  • blessing
  • steady
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Let's Practice

Choose the letter in which the bold-faced type is used incorrectly


A) The cataclysmic tornado left Manny's school and city in crumbles.

B) Opa was instructed to enter the cellar because she needed protection against the cataclysm heading her way.

C) The revolution was a cataclysmic event because it got women the right to vote.

D) The cataclysmal flood forced the entire town to evacuate immediately in order to reach safety.

Correct Answer

C- Because the revolution would have to be disastrous or violent to fit the definition. Here it has brought out something good.