Axis Of Powers

By: Katelyn Quinn

Germany's Government

In 1919, army veteran Adolf Hitler, frustrated by Germany’s defeat in World War, which had left the nation economically depressed and politically unstable, joined a fledgling political organization called the German Workers’ Party.

Italy's Government

Italy suffered economic collapse after World War I. The government was torn by conflict among Socialists, Communists, and Nationalists. Numerous strikes reduced the country to virtual anarchy. The Fascists, a nationalist group organized by Benito Mussolini in 1919, had a large following.

Japan's Government

During the 1930s and through World War II, the Japanese military controlled the government of Japan. Unlike Germany and Italy, Japan did not have a dictator, but an oligarchic and militaristic system ruling the country. Japan admired Hitler’s regime and used the Nazis to advance Japan’s military, but this member of the Axis power ruled differently and fought differently than its European allies.

Forming the Axis Of Powers

The alliance began to form in 1936. First, on October 15, 1936 Germany and Italy signed a friendship treaty that formed the Rome-German Axis. It was after this treaty that Italian dictator Benito Mussolini used the term Axis to refer to their alliance. Shortly after this, on November 25, 1936, Japan and Germany both signed the Anti-Comintern Pact, which was a treaty against communism.

An even stronger alliance was signed between Germany and Italy on May 22, 1939 called the Pact of Steel. This treaty would later be called the Tripartite Pact when Japan signed it on September 27, 1940. Now the three main Axis Powers were allies in the war.