Good or Bad?

What is Hydraulic-Fracturing?

Hydraulic-Fracturing is the use of fluid and material to create or restore small fractures in a formation to stimulate production from new or existing oil and gas wells.

How does Hydraulic-Fracturing work?

The process includes many steps to protect the water supply. To ensure that neither the fluid that will eventually be pumped through the well, or the oil/gas that will be eventually collected. It enters the water supply, and a steel surface or intermediate casings are inserted into the well to between 1,000 and 4,000 ft. below the ground. The space between the casings are called "strings," and the drilled hole, called the annulus, is then filled with cement. After the cement is set, the drilling continues from the bottom of the surface to the next depth.

Marcellus Shale

The Marcellus Shale is also referred to as the Marcellus Formation. This is a unit of marine sedimentary rock that is believed to have formed millions of years ago under inland seas, throughout much of the Appalachian basin. This area is estimated to cover about 54,000 square miles in New York, Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Ohio, and Maryland. This is the largest natural gas region in the country.

Marcellus Shale has to do with natural gas because this where we could get natural gas from. Marcellus Shake is estimated to contain more than 410 trillion cubic ft. of natural gas, and could supply the U.S. consumer's energy needs for hundred of years.

Is Hydraulic-Fracturing Safe For The Enviorment?

Although their might be some positive aspects that come out of hydraulic-fracturing, in my opinion there are many more more negitive aspects then positive.

Hydraulic-Fracturing Is Harmful To The Climate

The industry claims that natural gas is a cleaner alternative to coal, but in reality Methane leaks happens at every stage of the extraction. Methane is twenty times more potent than carbon dioxide, and studies show that this can hasten climate change.

Health Risks

People living close to the natural gas wells report having a range of health issues, related to the chemicals that are emitted during the process. Studies indicate that people living withing a half mile of fracking operations are at a greater risk for cancer, respiratory illnesses, and a variety of other serious health issues.

Utilizes An Excessive Amount Of Precious Water

Each fracking job requires several million gallons of water, and very little of it is recovered. The rest of the water is lost forever. This has the greatest impact on areas that have shortages of water.

Water Pollution

The process of fracking poses a significant threat to fresh water stores where fracking takes place. Gallons of water, sand, and chemicals, are injected into the wells at very high pressures. The contaminated water resurfaces as waste water, that is collected and injected underground. This highly toxic water ends up in aquifers and surface water, and at times seeps into the soil.

Threat To Farmers

Many farmers in Pennsylvania are leasing their land to gas companies for fracking. Farmers may own their land rights, but the mineral rights are not as clearly defined. Legal cost assosiated with fighting the gas companies for mineral rights are often to expensive for the farmers, so they are frequently forced to abandon their farms. Farmers who stay on their land, have begun losing crops and live stock due to the fluid contamination.

The Unknown

We still don't know the full affect that fracking can have on the planet. Fracking disrupts the plants "geological basement" and causes fissures in the Precambrian bedrock, which can cause earthquakes. To date the effects of fracking on air pollution, greenhouse gases, and contamination is not fully understood.