By: Mia Richardson
What is it?
It is the principle that Internet Service Providers and governments should treat all data equally and not discriminate or charge differently by user, content, website, platform, application, type, or mode of communication. It is the idea of an "open Internet", which means that the full resources of the Internet are available should be easily accessible by all individuals and companies.
- It prevents companies from slowing uploads through forged packets and then making you pay more to get faster service.
- It restricts discrimination by protocol, which is the favoring or blocking of information based on the communications protocol that the computers are using to communicate.
- It prevents discrimination by IP Address and restricts Internet Service Providers from charging some companies and not others for the traffic that they cause on their network.
- It also prevents Internet Service Providers from favoring their own private protocols over others. ISPs are not able to encourage the use of specific services to discriminate what data is counted against bandwidth limits.
- Common Carrier would give FCC power to enforce net neutrality rules.
- All internet speeds would be the same which would be good for people with usually slow Internet, but it could be bad for people who have usually fast Internet.
- It would hurt broadband providers because there is competition among service providers.
- Making broadband Internet service a utility could harm minority communities by "stifling investment in under served areas," (Wikipedia).
- It could potentially increase taxes on broadband by subjecting them to the Universal Service Fund if they were regulated as a utility like telephone services.