Opium

Drug Classification:

Opium is classified as a Schedule II Narcotic under the Controlled Substances Act. Drugs derived from Opium, such as Heroin, are Schedule I drugs. Opium is also referred to as "Hop" or "Tar"

How Opium is used:

Opium can be smoked, injected, or can be taken in pill form. It can also be combined with other drugs; "Black" is a combination of Opium, Marijuana, and Methamphetamine. "Buddha" is very potent Marijuana that has been spiked with Opium.

Effects of Opium:

Users of Opium first experience a euphoric rush, which is then followed by relaxation and relief of physical pain. Opium also inhibits movement in the bowels, which can cause constipation. Opium may also dry out the mouth and nostrils. Opium users are very likely to become psychologically dependent and some cases lead to overdose.

Cost:

Opium sells for an average of $115 to $125 per kilogram in most parts of the United States, but prices have been rising in other parts of the world. In places such as Afghanistan, pure Opium may sell for around $300 per kilogram
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How Opium enters the United States:

Opium is mainly grown in the Middle East, in places such as Afghanistan and India. It is often smuggled into the country in small amounts or is smuggled onto large ships.

Controlled Substances Act:

The Controlled Substances Act was signed into law by President Richard Nixon in 1970. This act regulates the manufacturing, importation, possession, use and distribution of certain drugs.

Use of Opium in the United States and Maryland:

Opium has not been a major problem in the United States, but Heroin, a drug derived from Opium, has been a serious threat to the country, and more specifically, Baltimore. Baltimore is referred to as the U.S. Heroin capital, and with the discovery of Opium recently in Baltimore, officials are worried that that Opium, in addition to Heroin, will become a major problem.
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Potential for addiction:

Opium is a very addictive drug, causing strong physical and psychological addiction. Withdrawal symptoms may include:
  • Low energy, irritability, anxiety, Insomnia
  • Runny nose, teary eyes
  • Hot and cold sweats, goosebumps
  • Yawning
  • Muscle aches and pains
  • Abdominal cramping, Nausea, Vomiting, Diarrhea

Treatment Options:

Medications can be used to cope with withdrawal symptoms. Medications include
  • Suboxone
  • Revia
  • Methadone

Sources:

"Addictions And Recovery Website: Opiates." Addictions And Recovery. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Apr. 2015.

"Military." Afghanistan Drugs. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Apr. 2015.

Fact Sheet. Boston, MA: Dept., 1988. Www.dea.gov. Web. 23 Apr. 2015.

Harris, Nancy. Opiates. Farmington, MI: Greenhaven