The Green Revolution and GMOs
By Robby Fitzgerald
1) What were the causes and results of the Bengal famine in 1943?
The results of the famine were very advantageous for the country. The fear of the return of famine caused the country to develop laws that would protect food, and increase the flow of food from merchants to consumers, by preventing the withholding of food. There were also several other laws passed that helped protect food. However, these laws were not successful, causing a "green revolution" to occur.
What were the three basic elements of the green revolution?
Second, double cropping occurred. The idea was to increase the number of crop seasons a year. This was difficult for India, due to the long dry period that existed. Their solution was to create an artificial monsoon. They used large pumping stations to make use of monsoon water that would originaly be waisted.
Third, the use of genetically altered plants was used. The scientist, Dr. M.P. Singh, was responsible for this developments. He created the most efficient strai. of HYV, or high yield value, plants. This strain was the K68 wheat variety. Dr. Singh is known as being the hero of the green revolution in India, due to his K68 strand being able to supply food to a large demographic
The amount of crop yields increased by 30% between 1947(time of Indian independence) and 1979, when the green revolution truly took off.
Economic, sociological, and political results
Sociological:the green revolution resulted in an increased number of jobs in the agricultural and industrial sectors.
Political: Indias ability to transform from a starving nation to an agricutural market helped it earn global recognition when it entered the global market.
Limitations of the green revolution
2) the countries has yet to expand the use of HYV plants to a large amount of it's country. Areas of India that did make use of HYVs were considered the best example of the green revolution, much larger than areas that did not.
Enviormental risks: the use of pesticides can contaminate water sources, greatly harming a population. The use of the mineral intensive HYV plats causes a plot of land to lose the farmland.
Negatives: Plants with GMO's are expensive, difficult to maintain, can contaminate an enviorment, require a large amount of nutrients, and do not have as many nutrients as an organic plant.