Islam v. Judaism

Differences/Similarities

5 Basic beliefs of Islam

  1. Belief in one god. (Allah is the Arabic word for god, not believed to be a separate god from the Judeo-Christian version.)
  2. Belief in prophethood (Muhammad and the ones before him)
  3. Belief in the justice of God
  4. Belief in the Imams (or Apostles) of God
  5. Belief in the Day of Judgement

Ten Commandments of the Jewish Torah

  1. Worship no other God but me.
  2. Do not make images to worship.
  3. Do not misuse the name of God.
  4. Observe the Sabbath Day (Saturday). Keep it Holy.
  5. Honor and respect your father and mother.
  6. Do not murder.
  7. Do not commit adultery.
  8. Do not steal.
  9. Do not accuse anyone falsely. Do not tell lies about other people.
  10. Do not envy other's possessions.

Similarities

  1. Both Muslims and Jews worship the same God
  2. They both reject the Christian beliefs about Jesus
  3. They both Believe in Angels
  4. They both believe in prophets and divine relations
  5. Believe in the resurrection of the dead, in the day of judgment, and in Heaven and Hell
  6. They both regard Jerusalem as a Holy city
  7. They both require male circumcision
  8. They both pray a set number of times a day
  9. They both have a religious and mandatory set diet
  10. They both segregate men and women during worship services