Rotator Cuff Tear

Kevin Valyear Period 7

Summary

A rotator cuff tear is a tear of one or more of the tendons of the four rotator cuff muscles of the shoulder.

A rotator cuff tear can be caused by:

  • Falling on your shoulder
  • Using an arm to break a fall
  • Lifting heavy weights

Body Parts Affected

The rotator cuff is a group of four tendons and muscles that converge around the shoulder joint at the top of the humerus. Together, they form a ''cuff'' that both holds your arm in place and allows it to move in different directions.

Major Signs and Symptoms

The symptoms of a rotator cuff tear include:

  • Pain in the shoulder and arm, which varies depending on how serious the tear is
  • Weakness and tenderness in the shoulder
  • Difficulty moving the shoulder, especially when trying to lift your arm above your head
  • Snapping or crackling sounds when moving the shoulder
  • Inability to sleep on the shoulder

Tests / Diagnosis

Rotator Cuff tests video

(Only watch until 1:46)

Treatment

Prongnosis

Although, most tears result in a rehab of a few weeks to a few months. If the tear is bad enough it can end a sports career.

Terms Chart

Rotator Cuff- a group of four tendons and their muscles that converge around the shoulder joint at the top of the humerus.


Anti-inflammatory- a medication used to reduce inflammation.


NSAIDS- Non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs.