Liberal Arts Research and Scholarly Work newsletter
Vol. 10, Issue 12
RESEARCHER OF THE MONTH
Miriam Solomon, Ph.D., Professor and Interim Chair, Philosophy, Guggenheim Fellow 2019-2020
Philosophy asks deep and general questions about existence, methodology, and value, but it need not be inquiry done “from an armchair.” In my view (following the work of philosophers such as W.V. Quine), philosophy is continuous with science and other areas of empirical inquiry. I have always worked at the intersection of philosophy of science, history of science, and sciences themselves, asking questions about the nature of scientific method(s), the sources of disagreement and agreement among scientists, and the meaning of scientific progress.
In my first book, Social Empiricism (MIT, 2001) I argued that we should think about scientific method from a social (scientific community), rather than an individual (scientist) perspective. Scientific communities are the locus of distributed expert knowledge, resources for criticism, and sites for distributed decision making. My second book, Making Medical Knowledge (2015), took a critical look at recent methodologies in medicine—consensus conferences, evidence-based medicine, translational medicine, and narrative medicine—arguing for the importance of tolerating a messy pluralism of methods. Most recently, I have begun research in philosophy of psychiatry, looking at the so-called “crisis of validity” of the DSM (The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of the American Psychiatric Association) and the emergence of new approaches such as RDoC, HiTOP, and network models.
I also enjoy collaborating with scientists and physicians on philosophical issues that arise in their research. Topics we have worked on together include the sex life of the parthenogenetic whiptail lizard, the classification of migraine and its subtypes, the validation of psychiatric categories, translational challenges in amyloid diseases, and disease classification in rheumatology.
For more information, click here.
Jay Lockenour (History)
Professor Lockenour's latest book, Dragonslayer, argues that despite Erich Ludendorff's interwar political failures and relative personal isolation, he remained a powerful symbol of Germany's past military prowess and the embodiment of many Germans' fantasies of revenge for the lost war. The work follows Ludendorff's life from the end of the war until his death in 1937 and traces the construction of a legend around him that gives insight into the political cultures of the Weimar Republic and the Third Reich.
For more information on this fascinating biography, follow the links below:
AWARD OF THE MONTH
Financial exploitation is becoming increasingly common, especially among older adults. Although the threat of exploitation may be greater in those at risk for Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Dementias (ADRD), relatively little is known about what makes some individuals more likely to become victims of financial exploitation. This NIA project will begin to address this issue by assessing age-related differences in financial decision making in social contexts (e.g., exchanging money with other people). The project will use functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to measure brain responses associated with decision making and reward. These brain responses will be related to neuropsychological assessments, as well as to responses on questionnaires assessing socioemotional functioning and risk for financial exploitation. The research team will also investigate the role of sociodemographic factors and health-related variables, including vascular health and white matter hyperintensities, which have been linked to ADRD. The overarching goals of the project are to understand the interplay between social and financial decision making across the lifespan and individuals at risk for ADRD, and start the road to translation by characterizing risk factors for financial exploitation among vulnerable groups.
- Kathy Hirsh-Pasek, (Psychology) has received funding from the Lego Foundation for the project entitled, "A Global Research Report on Playful Learning."
- For the project entitled, "Developing Returning Citizen Leaders," Lori Pompa (Criminal Justice) has received funding from the Mayors Fund for Philadelphia.
INTERNAL FUNDING OPPORTUNITIES
Temple University Funding Opportunities Portal
InfoReady, OVPR's funding opportunities portal, houses internal funding program mechanisms and externally sponsored limited submission competitions. Log in today to access your account and review current opportunities.
SAMPLING OF EXTERNAL FUNDING OPPORTUNITIES
Summer National Science Foundation Deadlines:
DEVELOPMENT OPPORTUNTIES AND RESEARCH NEWS
-While the Other Support and Biosketch format pages and associated instructions are expected to be used as of May 25, 2021, it will not be required until January 25, 2022.-