I chose Julius Caesar because I wanted to find out why he had such a large impact on the Roman Empire, and what he did to become one of the most renowned leaders in history.
Who was he?
Julius Caesar was the dictator of Rome from 46-44 BC. Before that, he was senator of Spain and the region of Gaul. He led the Romans to victory against the Gallic armies. While in power, he made major reforms to Rome, laying the foundation for the first emperor Augustus, and greatly expanded the empire.
Caesar was a good leader because he possessed bravery, intelligence, political skill, innovativeness, and power.
He was born in Rome on the 12th or 13th of July 100 BC to an aristocratic family (part of the prestigious "Julian clan". Although their ancestry was an aristocracy, Caesar's family were not rich. However, he had political connections to Marius, which strengthened his standing. He was brought up with an early education, and later studied philosophy in Rhodes.
Influence on others
When Caesar first took office, one of the first things he encountered was widespread debt in Rome. He solved this using creative approaches which satisfied both lenders and borrowers. He also reduced unemployment by letting the poor live in Rome's other territories, and improved control and access to grain by building new waterways. Caesar ordered the construction of public buildings (notably the Forum of Caesar) to provide employment, but also to glorify the city of Rome and attract intellectuals and professionals to the city. When he died, he distributed his money by leaving a portion of his wealth to each citizen of Rome.
Remains of the Forum of Caesar (Forum Julium)
Although the Roman empire fell long ago, Julius Caesar's legacy still survives today as he one of the most renowned leaders of Rome. Not much remains of the empire or the once glorious city of Rome, but Roman culture prospered during and after his rule. He was the one who devised the 365-day calendar still used today, and Roman law codes created by emperors after his reign are the legal basis of several countries in the present.
Leaders like Julius Caesar
- Augustus, first emperor of Rome (succeeded Caesar)
- Qin Shi Huang, first Chinese emperor
- Han Wudi, emperor of the Han dynasty
- Pericles, leader of Athens
- Cyrus the Great, king of Persia