Hagia Sophia

Kalyssa. W-H


Located in the Middle East in busy Istanbul, Turkey there is still one thing standing from the 6th century A.D. The 8th oldest church in the world, the Hagia Sophia.


Today the museum has both Christian and Islamic influences in it. A mathematician, a scientist, and a physicist designed the Hagia Sophia. The Hagia Sophia took less than six years to build, it was a Greek Orthodox Church. There are big piers that carry the weight of some of the dome. It was converted to a museum in 1935 by the 1st president of Turkey, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. In the Hagia Sophia there are forty windows to let the sunlight to spread through the gold mosaics.

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At the time Emperor Justinian the first, was the ruler for 5 years but suddenly become unpopular. One night people were chanting "Nika"(VICTORY) while they were trying to take out the Emperor Justinian. Hagia Sophia turned into a Church then Mosque and now Museum. It was the first masterpiece in Byzantine architecture. The Hagia Sophia had alot of mosaics within the Byzantines.In 1348 parts of the eastern arch and large section of the dome fell. Many of the great mosaics had disappeared with the earthquake that happened in 1894 but some survived...

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Why is Hagia Sophia sacred??

Hagia Sophia is a "grand" symbol of Christianity. People go there now to look at the building. But when it was a church, it was a place where people can pray and rituals. Hagia Sophia honors the Christian and Muslim religions. It was built as a monument for both Byzantine and Ottoman Empires. The Christians sometimes calls the Hagia Sophia "the finest representation of Christ".

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Fun Facts!!!!

A dedication on the anniversary of the birth of Christ, Dec 25th.Its famous for its qualities of light that cast in the building. The Hagia Sophia was design by the inspiration of the Blue Mosque and Ahmed Mosque. Hagia Sophia was the biggest cathedral until the Medieval Seville Cathedral was built in 1520. When people changed the Hagia Sophia into a mosque they had to move the bells, altar, and sacrificial vessels

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Works Cited

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