The Situation

In Rwanda (Africa), fertile and essential soil is being lost rapidly. The reason is because of rain and cut and burn agriculture. Rain in Rwanda is heavy since there is up to 80 inches of rain each year and that rain is too much for the soil to withstand causing the soil to be eroded. The cut-and-burn technique is the process of cutting vegetation on soil and than burning the soil so the land may be used; this destroys valuable nutrients. In addition, African soil has lost its fertility through thousands of years if foraging, grazing, and agriculture. Also, soil is burdend each day due to Africa's new economic patterns of raw materials like timber that grows on soil.

The Solutions

Due to rapid soil loss, we must prevent it through advanced technologies rather than the small solutions of fertilizers, irrigation and pest management. First, cover-cropping is a effective technique which is when cover-crops like soy bean, a crop that Africans grow greatly, are planted between harvests and replace nutrients that were used in growing the crop before and prevent erosion. In addition, no-till farming is useful since it prevents soil erosion and water runoff through leaving old stalks which provides cover from rain. Finally, there is contour plowing. Plowing the hills and slopes creates a series of dams that prevent erosion from rain and would make if tough to cut and burn the rows.


We Need Donors and Your Help!

My team has already presented our assignment to the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and they are highly considering to fund it. Despite this, we still need more charities to donate for our cause. Without fertile and rich soil, Rwanda would have less food and natural resources for the people to eat, grow, and survive. Every cent makes a difference as I strive to change the soil and prevent erosion of the soil. Make a change in someone's life since everyone has the right to live. Please donate today.

Citations and Sources

The Environmental Engineers Corps