Boston News

July 5, 1855

Help Wanted

Girls 10 and up wanted to work in Mills. Work days are 14 hours. The pay is 2-4 dollars a week. Room and Board is 1.25. Girls may suffer cuts and swelling on arms and fingers, hearing loss and even death.

Two great men

Samuel Slater and Eli Whitney were big parts of the beginning of the industrial revolution in our great country of The United States. If it weren't for Samuel Slater who memorized the plans of a textile mills we know today, he used water to power these mills. Eli Whitney addresses our problems of not making things quickly enough he made a way for us to exchange identical parts repair time in half.

Strike out

Recent strikes have caused businesses to raise wages and create safer environment. These strikes have caused businesses to fail and employers to hire Trade Union Worker. A strong voice in the union movement is Sarah G. Bagley. Six years ago she formed the Lowell Female Labor Reform Association. This association has two main goals influence an investigation of working conditions by the Massachusetts state legislature and to obtain 10 hour work days.

Transportation on the Move

Steaming up Stream

The use of steam boat is steaming up behind us. Due to the ease of their movement up stream the demand of our strong schooners has sky rocketed. More than 500 steam boats were being used by the 1840. But only so many boats and be on a river at a time. The rapid growth of steam boat use as caused traffic of many of our water ways.

All Aboard the Steam Train

You thought Steam Boats were great and amazing, just wait and see the Steam trains. The steam train did not become popular until the early 1830's. They did come to rise due to a little train called the Tom thumb built by Peter Cooper who proved the potential rail locomotives had. Steam trains have become so popular that they predict there will be about 30,000 miles of track by 1860. As steam and word about railroad trains grew so did railroad companies. As the companies grew so did the train manufacturers companies. They train industry was booming popularity was to thanks to the help of their speed. Trains now moves almost ten times faster then wagons. Trains are on the run now hope we can all keep up.
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Fueling up

This boom of trains and boats put a strain on the natural resources our primary source of fuel was lumber, it heated our homes, fueled the train engines, it provided light it was perfect. The unpopular coal now also on high demand. As faster locomotives were built people switched due to the fact that the coal produced four times as much energy and was half the cost. Not only the number of mills had increased the number of mining industries increased mainly in Pennsylvania western Virginia and Illinois. Miners made deep gashes in the earth to remove the coal. The demand for steel also went up for rail roads and train engines. This new revolution had made a big change.

Powering It Up

Beeping Our Way Across the Country

dot dot dot dot, dot, dot dash dot dot, dot dash dot dot, dash dash dash. This might seem like a bunch of munbo jumbo to you, but this actually means Hello is Morse code. Morse code may be a big part of our lives to day but it wasn't always this way. The first telegraph was invented by Samuel F.B. Morse in 1832. He claimed it could send messages of hundreds of miles away, but people thought he was just making lucky guesses on what the messages actually contained. dash dot dot dot, dash dot dash dash, dot Or in other letters bye.
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Liquid to Gas

For years, ever since Samuel Slater came to the United States, we have been using water to power our mills and factories but lately they have been making the switch to steam. Water powered mills had to be on the banks of rivers. The new steam powered factories allowed them to be built any where. Some companies decided to move closer to cities. Their move provided easier access to workers, Businesses could lower wages. It also reduced shipping costs. People from all over came flocking in for new, better paying jobs. Factories also improved design machines are now able to cut and shape metal, stone, and wood with great precision. Within a short time machines could even customize equipment.

Farm Improvements

Technology has now transformed factories but it was on the move. People thought that they needed to improve upon the tools they used for farming. One of these people was John Deere. He noticed that his friends to Illinois were having trouble plowing the tick soil with their iron plows. He thought a steel one would work a lot better. He was right and soon he was selling a thousand plows a year. Cyrus McCormick thought to improve upon a different part of farming. He improved upon to reaper. A tool that it used to cut wheat and other grains. He made the reaper a mechanical tool. He gave demonstrations and provided repairs and spare parts. HE also let customers buy the reapers with credit. Using these two inventions farming has boomed.