The Potentials of Cloning Livestock
By Chris Hernandez and Riley Martin
Potential of Cloning Livestock
Cloning livestock is basically using genetics to make an identical copy of an animal and other organisms that live on this planet. Clones are born just like any other animal, they're like identical twins that were born at different times. The same way twins share the same DNA, clones have the same genes as the donor organism.
Cloning today must use a process such as somatic cell nuclear transfer. Scientists would take a young egg from the female, but instead of combining it with the sperm from the male, they would remove the nucleus. This would result in the egg being in the necessary phase to begin the embryo development. Next, the scientist would add the nucleus from the donor organism that the creator wishes to copy/clone. Then the donor's nucleus would fuse with the egg, and after some dividing, the embryo would begin to form. That new embryo would be placed into the female that's delivering, which enables the normal clone being born. There are advantages to cloning because there will be more production of food for humans, and there will be a really low chance of animals going extinct. There are disadvantages such as the clones or the original organisms having diseases or missing cells that are important for that organism
The social and economic impacts/repercussions of cloning are said to be extremely costly. Some experts have said that the cost of the human clone could be about $250,000. If the world were to start cloning regularly, it would hurt the economy tremendously. Princeton University molecular biologist Lee M Silver predicts a two class society will emerge populated by genetically engineered people, and "Naturals", born the old fashioned way. Because clones share the same genetic structure, they all have the same immune systems and would be weak to one disease. If we clone a potential mad cow disease recipient, then we would end up wiping out an entire population of cows. The extinction of animals doesn't only affect animals, but also humans because our food sources would be much lower. Even if endangered species were cloned successfully, all the clones would die soon from the same disease, then making the animals at risk for being endangered again. It can have a world affect by overpopulating the earth and by not being able to feed every single clone due to people not having enough food for them to eat. Cloning can have a big change in future by being able to bring extinct animals back to life or even being able to have a lower risk of humans dying or having a disease when scientist try to clone people.