MS CCRS RL. 2

Theme, Central Idea, and Summary

MAP Blueprint

Grades 6-8 will have 3-4 questions on standard RL.2.

English II will have 2-3 questions on RL.2.

RL.6.2Determine a theme or central idea of a text and how it is conveyed through  particular details; provide a summary of the text  based upon this  determination. 

A student should be able to do (Evidence of Knowledge)


  • Closely read, analyze and annotate a literary text for evidence of central idea, theme, and summarizing of main points.
  • Determine a major theme and/or a minor theme of a variety of literary genres.
  • Show understanding of the course the author took to convey the theme through particular details.
  • Determine a central idea of a literary text and/or specific parts of a literary text.
  • Show understanding of the course the author took to convey the central idea through particular details.
  • Provide a summary of a literary work free from personal opinions or judgments.
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RL.7.2 Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze in detail ...

its development over the course of the text, including how it emerges and is shaped and refined by specific details; provide an accurate summary of the text based upon this analysis.

A student should be able to do (Evidence of Knowledge)


  • Closely read, analyze and annotate a literary text for evidence of central idea, theme, and summarizing of main points.
  • Determine a theme of a literary text or section of a text.
  • Provide an analysis of how the author developed a theme over the course of a literary text or section of a text.
  • Determine a central idea of a literary text and/or specific sections of a literary text.
  • Provide an analysis of how the author developed a central idea over the course of the text or section of a text.
  • Provide an objective summary of a literary work, free from personal opinions or judgments.

An Effective Summary

Students understand that an effective summary of a literary text is written chronologically, includes the central idea or theme of a text, and refers to the elements of the plot.

RL.8.2 Determine a theme or central idea of a text and analyze in detail...

its development over the course of the text, including how it emerges and is shaped and refined by specific details; provide an accurate summary of the text based upon this analysis.


A student should be able to do (Evidence of Knowledge)


  • Closely read, analyze and annotate a literary text for evidence of central idea, theme, and summarizing of main points.
  • Determine a theme of a literary text or a section of a text.
  • Provide an analysis of the development of a theme over the course of a literary text, including how a theme relates to the characters, setting, and plot (e.g., how the theme is revealed through the plot)
  • Determine a central idea of a literary text or a section of a text.
  • Provide an analysis of the development of a central idea over the course of a literary text, including how a central idea relates to the characters, setting, and plot (e.g., how the central idea is revealed through the plot)
  • Provide an objective summary that traces character and plot development and retains overall meaning.

RL.10.2 Determine the theme(s) or central idea(s) of a text

Determine the theme(s) or central idea(s) of a text and analyze in detail the development over the course of the text, including how details of a text interact and build on one another to shape and refine the theme(s) or central idea(s); provide an accurate summary of the text based upon this analysis.

The student should be able to do (Evidence of Knowledge)


  • Articulate the theme or central idea of a text.
  • Trace the development of the theme or central idea by identifying specific details from throughout the text.
  • Compose an objective summary of a text (i.e. précis) that includes how the central idea/theme:

Emerges

Is shaped

Is refined by specific details

Standard Vocabulary

Theme, central idea, analyze, detail, development, emerges, refined, précis, objective summary, bias, convey, revealed

Question Stems

RL.6.2

What does the story suggest about life?

What is the overarching theme of this text?

What details support this thinking?

How does the author build the theme over the course of the text?

What does ___________ represent in this story?

What is the central idea of the text?

What details lead you to believe this?

Why does the author include the detail(s) ______?

The words in this sentence create the impression that _______.

How can you best summarize the text?

Of all the details in the text, which do you think best contribute to the theme/central idea? Why?

RL.7.2

What is the theme or central idea?

Cite evidence from the text to support your determination of the theme/central idea. _____ best captures the theme.

An example of how the theme recurs/is developed in the text is____________________.

How can you accurately summarize the text ?


RL.8.2

What is the theme or central idea?

Cite evidence from the text to support your determination of the theme/central idea.

An example of how the theme develops/recurs in the text is____________________.

How can you accurately summarize the text?

How does the development of character, setting, and/ or plot contribute to the central theme or idea?

RL.9/10.2

What is the theme or central idea?

Cite textual evidence of the key details that reveals the development of the theme(s)/central idea(s) of the text.

How do the key details of the text shape and refine the theme(s) of the text?

How can you accurately summarize the text?

Sample Questions from MAP Testlet and MAP Sample

6th

What is a central idea of the passage?

Which sentence would be best to include in a short summary of the passage?


7th

What is a theme of this passage?

What is a central idea of this passage?


Select four of the seven sentence options to create a summary of the passage. Chronologically order the selected options from sentence 1 to sentence 4. The summary should only include essential information.


This item has two parts. First answer Part A. Then answer Part B. Part A Which statement best reflects a theme of the passage?Part B Select two sentences that highlight the development of this theme throughout the passage.


You have read an excerpt from The Call of the Wild. Write an essay that analyzes how the author uses Buck’s character traits to develop a theme. Use key details and examples from the passage to support your ideas.


8th

The following question has two parts. First, answer Part A. Then, answer Part B. Part A What is the main theme of the passage?

Part B Which sentence from the passage best supports the theme in Part A?


Which of the following statements should be included in an objective (Accurate) summary of the passage?


The author develops a theme that the values and choices of people determine their fate. How does the author develop this theme over the course of the passage?

10th


The following question has two parts. First, answer Part A. Then, answer Part B. Part A Which of the following is an important theme in the passage?Which quote from the passage supports the answer in Part A?

Select three sentences that belong in an objective (Accurate) summary of this excerpt.


How does the author's use of the first-person narrator develop a central idea in the excerpt?