Bone Cancer

Sophie Doiron & Jack Reames

What is bone cancer?

Cancer is a result of abnormal cell growth and division, which leads to the damage of tissues and can potentially be fatal. Bone cancer is just this- although it takes place on the surface of the bone itself, fibrous tissue, blood vessels, fat tissue, or other tissues of the bone. Bone cancers are uncommon, making up only 0.2% of all cancers, and it is most prevalent in adolescents, although anybody of any age is susceptible to any form of bone cancer. For example, only 3,000 people a year are diagnosed with osteosarcoma, yet it is the third most common form of cancer in adolescents.

Symptoms of bone cancer

  • Pain in afflicted area
  • Difficulty breathing (if tumor is in neck)
  • Limping (if tumor is in leg or hip)
  • Swelling
  • Fatigue
  • Numbness or tingling

Diagnosis & Treatment

Bone cancer is aggressive and fast-paced, so its treatments are just as harsh. They include radiation and a mix of several different harsh drugs, of which will usually vary per person. Fortunately, however, researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine have found that lactic-co-glycolic acids have a strong anti-tumor effect with less harsh consequences.

(I'm getting a video of my dad discussing bone cancer and the diagnosis process)


Dr. Michael Doiron being interviewed about a patient who dealt with osteosarcoma:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xY0PnwcouRc

Works Cited


“Signs and Symptoms of Bone Cancer." Signs and Symptoms of Bone Cancer. American Cancer Society, 21 Mar. 2014. Web. 21 Dec. 2015. <http://www.cancer.org/cancer/bonecancer/detailedguide/bone-cancer-signs-symptoms>.


"What Is Bone Cancer?" What Is Bone Cancer? American Cancer Society, 21 Mar. 2014. Web. 21 Dec. 2015. <http://m.cancer.org/cancer/bonecancer/detailedguide/bone-cancer-what-is-bone-cancer>.


"Cell Division and Cancer." Nature.com. Nature Publishing Group, 6 Nov. 2013. Web. 21 Dec. 2015. <http://nature.com/scritable/topicpage/cell-division-and-cancer-14046590>.


"Ifosfamide-loaded poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) PLGA-dextran polymeric nanoparticles to improve the antitumor efficacy in Osteosarcoma." Chen, Bin, et al. BMC Cancer 15 (2015): 752. Science in Context. Web. 16 Dec. 2015.


Davidson, Tish. "Bone sarcoma." The Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Ed. Jacqueline L. Longe. 5th ed. Farmington Hills, MI: Gale, 2015. Science in Context. Web. 21 Dec. 2015.


Haggerty, Maureen. "Sarcomas." The Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Ed. Jacqueline L. Longe. 5th ed. Farmington Hills, MI: Gale, 2015. Science in Context. Web. 21 Dec. 2015.