War of 1812

Causes, Battles, and Effects

Essential Idea

The war of 1812 helped make the United States a world power and it

sparked national pride.

Cause #4 - Native American Attacks

Americans violated the Treaty of Greenville and moved into Indian land. British troops were still in western forts and armed Indians to attack the Americans. Tecumseh began recruiting and uniting tribes to protect their lands. At the Battle of Tippecanoe, William Henry Harrison led troops against the Indians. Which crushed Tecumseh's movement. He then fled to British owned Canada and confirmed that Britain was aiding the Indians.

Battle of Baltimore

At the Battle of Baltimore the British navy tried to attack but they were stopped at Fort McHenry. British ships retreated and the Chesapeake area was saved. Francis Scott Key wrote the “Star-Spangled Banner,” after the war inspired him. This later became the national anthem.
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Fighting at New Orleans

This battle was led by Andrew Jackson. Britain wanted to capture New Orleans and the Mississippi River so that they could cut off trade. After American troops beat Britain, it made Jackson a national hero and inspired nationalism throughout the country.
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War of 1812 Aftermath

Factories grew during the war and America depended less on British manufacturing. The Federalists looked unpatriotic after the Hartford Convention and “died out”. William Henry Harrison and Andrew Jackson became heroes. There was a new international respect and America had become a world power. America entered a period of nationalism. It turned from Europe and we started looking west to expand. Americans created a unique culture that was distinct from Europe.