Reproductive System Care
By Kasey Ewers
Mammograms scan for breast cancer in women, whether they've shown other symptoms or not. It is recommended you get one at age 50, but if you are at high risk of developing breast cancer, you should first get one at 40 or 45. You should follow up and get one every one or two years until you turn 74.
A pap smear is a way of testing to see if anything is wrong with a girl's cervix, including but not limited to identifying cancerous cells. You should start getting them at age 21 and get them at least every three years.
A testicular self-examination (TSE) is a way for men to check for signs of testicular cancer. It is recommended you do this every month from age 15 to at least 35.
The prostate exam searches for prostate cancer in males. It is recommended to get one anywhere from ages 40 to 75, depending on your ethnic background, family history of prostate cancer, and diet. You should talk to your doctor to see if one is necessary and how often to get one. The risks will sometimes outweigh the benefits, and you should not get one if your doctor says this is the case.