New York Colony
By: Anshu Garg
History, Settlement, & Government
The 13 colonies are divided into three geographical areas composed of the New England, Middle, and Southern colonies. The New York Colony is one of the Middle Colonies and it was founded in 1626 by the Duke of York, Peter Minuit, and other colonists on Manhattan Island. The reason for founding was for trade and profits. In 1664, the British seized New Amsterdam from the Dutch and gave it a new name - New York City! There is quality farmland, furs, timber, and coal, as well as iron ore being a vital natural resource. Often regarded as the "Breadbasket Colony", New York grows wheat crops that are ground into flour in flour mills and shipped to England. As the founders of the New York Colony were discontent with the self-government employed in other New England colonies, the Dutch inserted a line of Governors in charge of the colony. After the transfer of land from Dutch to English command, the Duke of York created the "Assembly of Representatives" where the free men can vote for representatives to share their voice. The amazing colony of New York’s government was established by The Dutch West India Company.
Geography, Climate, & Religion
Regarding geography, the New York Colony has lowlands from Lake Ontario along the Canadian border. There are mountains in the northeast and an Atlantic coastal plain. The general geography of the Middle Colonies has a mix of the New England and Southern features but has fertile soil and land that is suited to farming, so that one who settles here can become a successful farmer! The Middle Colonies has a mild climate with warm summers and mild winters that are also suited to farming and agriculture! There is no domination of a specific religion, which allows religious freedom to many! There is a lot of job opportunity here on our colony! We already have immigrants from France, England, Germany, and the Netherlands!
Duke of York
King James II passed the colony to his brother, James, Duke of York
Dutch colonist who purchased Manhattan
The state motto "Excelsior" on a white ribbon expresses the idea of reaching upward to higher goals.
Settle on the stellar New York Colony today!
Why Should I Settle in the New York Colony?
- Fertile soil and land suited to farming!
- Mild climate suited to farming and agriculture!
- Religious freedom for Catholics, Lutherans, Jews, Quakers, and others!
- Royal Colony with abundant natural resources for trade and a prosperous economy!
- New York City & Albany!
- Cultural Experiences!
- Diverse economy - Employment for many!