Federal Court System
By Yo's Truly Drew Catteruccia(;
U.S. District Courts
At the lowest of the federal courts with tgeneral jurisdiction is the U.S. district court. This is the trial court of the federal system. They have Original Jurisdiction they have the power to determine the facts of the matter and to make the initial determination of the law to be used in deciding a case.
Federal Courts APpeal
The Federal courts of appeal have appellate jurisdiction over the district courts, certain specialized federal courts, and many federal administrative agencies. Appellate jurisdiction is the power to review cases for error of law. So, when someone appeals a courts decision, that where they come in and make things right with the law.
The U.S. Supreme Court
The Supreme Court has both original and appellate jurisdiction. The original jurisdiction of this court is used far less frequently that its appellate jurisdiction. According to the U.S. Constitution, the USSC has original jurisdiction only over cases affecting "Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, and those in which a State shall be Party". The appellate jurisdiction of the USSC is exercised over cases on appeal from the U.S. courts of appeal or from the highest courts of the various states.