Ku Klux Klan
Established after the Civil War
The Ku Klux Klan was established in 1865, after the Civil War. The Klan was formed because the confederates lost the Civil War and wanted to retaliate. The Klan was formed of angry Southerners who did not believe blacks should have the right to be free. In 1866, Klan members in Tennessee murdered 46 people, injured 70 others and left churches and schools burned to the ground. The Klan tried to influence the 1868 presidential election by murdering thousands of black voters. It was thought that they would vote republican instead of democratic and the Klan wanted a democrat because they were sympathetic to their beliefs about blacks' rights. As a result of the Klans violence many legislative acts were enabled to stop the violence. In 1871 the United States congress passed the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) Act. This allowed hundreds of Ku Klux Klan members to be arrested. As a result the activities of the Klan died down considerably.