Simple Carbohydrates

By: Jai McHugh

What are Simple Carbohydrates?

<> They contain one or two sugars.

<> They are found in fruits, milk, processed sugar (including white and brown sugars), molasses and honey.

Functions in the Body

<> Digested and Absorbed

<> Provides a short burst of energy

<> Supplying energy to the brain because the brain uses glucose as an energy source.

Major Sources

<> Glucose: sometimes known as blood sugar, sometimes as grape sugar. Nearly all plant foods contain glucose.


<> Maltose: known as malt sugar. Found in grains.


<> Fructose: known as fruit sugar. Most plants contain fructose, especially fruits and saps.


<> Sucrose: commonly known as table sugar, beet sugar, or cane sugar. Sucrose occurs in many fruits and some vegetables.


<> Lactose: commonly known as milk sugar. It is the principal carbohydrate found in milk.

Too Little Or Too Much

  • <> Eating too many carbohydrates can lead to an increase in total calories, which can lead to obesity.
  • <> Not eating enough carbohydrates can cause a lack of calories (malnutrition)
  • <> Possibility for this to lead to an excessive intake of fats to make up for the calories not eaten as carbohydrates.
  • Interesting Facts

    <> Carbs are easily digested and are broken down into glucose, which the body then uses to do its various tasks.

    <> Too many carbs and the body will covert the extra to fat.

    <> Its a key fuel source for exercise and sport.

    <> All fruit and vegetables, all breads, grains and cereal products are carbohydrates as well as sugars and sugary foods.

    Acrostic Poem

    Simple carbohydrates contain vitamins and minerals
    Insulin and glucagon reacts
    Maltose ( found in vegetables)
    Processed sugars such as table sugar
    Lactose is a natural sugar
    Energy-providing nutrients

    Carbs are easily digested
    All carbs form glucose when digested
    Refined sugars such as candy
    Bone health improved
    Often called "empty calories"
    Healthiest to carbs
    You shouldn't avoid carbs
    Digestive system is improved
    Regenerates muscles
    Absorbed directly
    The body treats carbs differently than fat calories
    Eating carbs go straight to your bloodstream
    Simple sugars

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    Sources

    My Sources were my notes as well as the websites above and Google