Heart Conditions and Diseases

Shelby Hanson

Supraventricular Tachycardia (SVT)

Supraventricular Tachycardia (SVT) is a condition where your electrical connections in your heart don’t work right which makes your heart beats faster than it’s supposed to at random times (WebMD). When this happens, your heart beat could get up to 300 beats per minute (The Heart Foundation). Factors that cause the heart to race are most often times “faulty electrical connections in the heart” (WebMD). In other words, malfunctions in the signals being sent throughout your heart. In other situations, SVT could be caused by stress, exercise, or even genetics. If at random times you continuously feel or see that your heart is pounding or racing and you feel light headed, then it’s a strong possibility you have SVT.


According to The Heart Foundation, “Cardiomyopathy is a disease in the heart muscle causing that muscle to be enlarged.” With your heart being enlarged, this could cause you to have chest pain periodically. Cardiomyopathy can be caused by multiple things, but most often times is passed down by genetics. If you were to have another disease of some sort, you could end up having an enlarged heart caused from that other disease (GB Healthwatch). Are you constantly feeling weak and tired? Are you short of breath whether exercising or not? These are symptoms of Cardiomyopathy. Also, with your heart being enlarged, it may cause you to have and irregular heart beat.

Heart Valve Problems

Heart Valve Problems is much like it sounds. Heart Valve Problems is when your heart doesn’t open or close completely. This could lead to “blood leaking into your cardiac chambers, and making your heart work harder by requiring heart chambers to contract more forcefully to move blood across a narrowed valve” (Heart Foundation). With your heart having to work harder to keep the blood flowing throughout your body, you may get some kind of chest discomfort. Other symptoms of this disorder would be shortness of breath and feeling light headed;simply because your heart is working harder than normal. Heart Valve Problems could just be something you're born with due to a relative having it, and it being passed down (MedicineNet). As you get older, your heart does too. With aging, you could develop this problem.

Heart Failure

Another heart condition is heart failure. “Heart failure is when your heart can’t pump blood the way it should” (The Heart Foundation). Without your heart pumping the blood the way it should, it makes it harder for the blood to flow throughout the rest of your body. Things that can cause heart failure are heart attacks or drinking a large amount of alcohol. Symptoms of heart failure are tired and shortness of breath, swelling in the feet or legs, weight gain, and loss of appetite (The Heart Foundation). If you have many of these symptoms, it’s most likely you have some kind of heart failure.

What can be done to reduce the chance of developing heart problems

Have you ever been concerned about developing problems with your heart? Well, here are ways you can improve your daily lives to reduce the chance having heart problems. First off, you can make sure you are eating healthy. Eating a well balanced meal will help improve your overall health, and reduce the risk of developing a heart condition. To make sure you are eating healthy, use the food label to find to avoid consuming a large amount of cholesterol (Wilson 26). When eating healthy, stay away from fast food restaurants. According to Wilson, “In 2005, a study by the Cardiovascular Research and Education Foundation in Wausau, Wisconsin, showed that children who eat out frequently, are more likely to develop a cardiovascular disease (23). The types of conditions or diseases they develop are obesity which leads to heart diseases, but it also could lead up to you getting high blood pressure. Not only should you watch what you eat, but also what you drink. Avoiding pop or any high caffeinated and sugary drinks is best. Caffeine can cause you to have chest discomfort, and with all the sugar you could gain weight. Lastly, you should exercise periodically. Exercising helps your heart continue doing its job by keeping the blood flowing throughout your body (Wilson 35). Exercise also helps reduce the amount of stress, and too much stress can be bad for your heart as well.