The Civil Rights Era
a time of struggle and change
Central High School
Orval Faubus, the governor of Arkansas mobilized the National Guard to prevent a black students from enrolling in the school. In response, President Eisenhower sent in troops to escort the children into the school. This was the beginning of integration in public schools.
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas
This court case ruled that segregation in public schools was unequal and thus unconstitutional
Montgomery Bus Boycott
This boycott was a result of Rosa Parks being arrested for refusing to give up her seat to a white women on a public bus. African Americans throughout Montgomery refused to get on buses, severely hurting the bus industry.
The Children's March
Initiated by James Bevel, the children's march's purpose was to march down to the mayors office to talk about segregation in schools. Many children were arrested, set free, and arrested the next day. Police officers used fire hoses and set dogs on children to end the protest.
MLK Jr., elected president of MIA
Martin Luther King, Jr. is the single most celebrated and remembered advocated of civil rights and black white integration he led the March on Washington, defended Rosa Parks, and unified the black community toward non-violent protest. His efforts would eventually lead to the complete integration of blacks in the American society.
Jackie Robinson was the first black baseball player to be included in the all white professional baseball league, this was an epochal event in sports history and black history as it further integrated blacks and whites during the civil era struggles.