About it (:
- Mitochondria are membrane-bound organelles in plant and animal cells that transform energy for the cell.
- Rod shaped organelles
- The energy is stored in the bonds of other molecules that other cell organelles can get to easily when they need the energy.
- Mitochondria occur in different numbers, depending on the function of the cell.
- Ex. liver cells can have up to 2000 mitochondria.
- Located in the cytoplasm
- Involved in the processes of cell division and growth, and cell death
- They are bounded by a double membrane
- Each of these membranes is a phospholipid bilayer with proteins embedded into it.
- Mitochondria are only partially dependent on the cell to replicate and grow.
- Mitochondria have circular DNA and replicate by a reproductive process called fission
- Consist of an inner membrane and an outer membrane.
- Range in size between 1 and 10 micrometers in length.
- The inner membrane folds over many times (the cristae)
- The Mitochondria is Eukaryotic