Chapter 13.5

Urban Patterns in Latin America

> Cities in developing countries follow patterns similar to those of European cities.

> Cities in developing countries have been influenced by colonial rule.

Precolonial Cities

Before the Europeans established colonies in Africa, Asia, and Latin America, most people lived in rural settlements. Cities were often laid out with a central area including marketplace, religious structures, government buildings, and homes of wealthy families. Families with less wealth and recent migrants to the city lived in the edge.

Cities Since Independence

Following independence, Latin American cities have grown in accordance with the sector and concrete zone models (right). An elite sector forms along a narrow "spine" that contains offices, shops, and amenities attractive to wealthy people, such as restaurants, theaters, and parks. In Mexico City, the "spine" is a 14-lane, tree-lined boulevard called the Paseo de la Reforma, designed by Emperor Maximilian in the 1860s.