Rosso Fiorentino

By Emerson Cilley

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Biography:

Born:

  • March 8th, 1494 in Florence, Italy


Lived:

  • Florence/Tuscany area until 1523
  • Rome, Italy until 1530
  • Paris, France


Training:

  • Andrea del Sarto
  • also inspired by Michelangelo


Lifestyle:

  • bastard child of a priest
  • worked in an art school with Jacopo de Pontormo


Type of Artwork: (Paintings)

  • The Assumption of the Virgin
  • Angel Playing a Lute
  • Madonna and Child with Saints


Patrons:

  • received early commissions from cathedrals when he first stared out
  • most famous patron was King Francois I of France

Interesting Facts:

  • real name is Giovanni Battista di Jacopo
  • had very prominent red hair
  • shunned for creating mannerism by critics
  • had lots of enemies

The Works:

Deposition from the Cross:

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Created:
  • 1521


Location:

  • Pinacoteca Comunale di Volterra, Italy



Significance:

  • considered Rosso's most famous piece
  • marked a new era of mannerism
  • very grotesque representation of Christ


My Interest:

I thought this piece was interesting because it not only depicts the pain of Christ, but also how those around him (saints, disciples, Mary, etc.) are feeling as well. I have also never seen anything painted of Christ getting off of the cross, I've only seen paintings of him while he's still on it.


"Ism":

This piece represents both humanism and mannerism. The humanism is represented through the emotion being displayed in the faces of the people. From pain, to sadness, to fear, to disgust, to death, there is all kid of negative emotion being depicted. Mannerism was a new style created around this time that had a lot to do with humanism. However, mannerism tended to have a darker tone and the human features were usually purposely drawn out of scale to make things look more complex and grotesque.

Works Cited

"Il Rosso." Gale Biography in Context. Detroit: Gale, 2010. Biography in Context. Web. 3 Dec. 2015.

Fiorentino, Rosso. Angel Playing a Lute. 1520. Oil on panel. Galleria delgi Uffizi.

Fiorentino, Rosso. The Assuption of the Virgin. 1517. Fresco. Atrium, SS. Annunziata, Florence, Italy.

Fiorentino, Rosso. Deposition from the Cross.1521 Oil on panel. Pinocoteca di Volterra, Italy.

Fiorentino, Rosso. Madonna and Child with Saints. 1518. Tempera on wood. Galleria delgi Uffizi.

"Rosso Fiorentino Biography." Artble. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Dec. 2015.