- Have been a lawyer and a judge
- Are older
- Are in the same political party as the president
- It also helps to have the same ideas as the president
What is it?
Who is in it?
- John G. Roberts, Jr., Chief Justice of the United States
- Antonin Scalia, Associate Justice
- Anthony M. Kennedy, Associate Justice
- Clarence Thomas, Associate Justice
- Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Associate Justice
- Stephen G. Breyer, Associate Justice
- Samuel Anthony Alito, Jr., Associate Justice
- Sonia Sotomayor, Associate Justice
- Elena Kagan, Associate Justice
How are the judges selected?
What does the Supreme Court do?
Original - These are cases that were originally to be discussed by the Supreme Court. These are cases that involve issues between states, or issues between states and countries. An example of this would be if two states had a dispute over the trading routes of a river.
Appellate - These are cases that were originally at a lower level, but were appealed to the Supreme Court. For these cases, a person would get a ruling and would not like that ruling. If they felt that the ruling was unconstitutional, they could appeal to the next court. If they continued to do this, it would reach the Supreme Court. However, only a fraction of the appealed cases get to have a trial in the Supreme Court, because they are very busy, and do not have enough time. An example would be if someone was convicted of murder and was given the death penalty. If they thought this was unconstitutional, they could appeal this to the Supreme Court.