The London times

1709

The Beginning of the Industrial Revolution

Hello, I just wanted to take a little journey back in history. I have decided that we are going to visit the Industrial Revolution. The Industrial Revolution was a transition to a new manufacturing process in the period that is starting right now in our era. The period of the industrial revolution happened during the 18th to the 19th centuries. It was basically an era where major changes happened in agriculture, manufacturing, mining, transport, and technology and it had an effect on social, economic, and cultural areas in Europe. After it spread throughout Europe it spread to North America, and so on. Without the Industrial Revolution, most aspects of life would not have been influenced. The transition included going from hand production methods to machines, new chemical manufacturing, and iron production processes. These processes improved the efficiency of water power, steam power, and the new development of machine tools. This Revolution also included changing from wood-burning machines and other bio-fuels, to coal burning machines. Most people during this time related to what they were living through as a new world of manufactured products. The Revolution happened predominately in rural societies and was shipped out to most urban societies hence the manufacturing part. The Industrial Revolution was a time that began in this small town in England. Most believe that the Revolution happened in Great Britain because before manufacturing most goods were centrally made through farming. This was bad because it was difficult for the average person to maintain a steady income. Many had to work gruesome hours to put food on the table and this opened the door to malnourishment and disease. People produced the bulk of their own food, clothing, furniture, and tools, Most manufacturing was done in homes or small, rural shops, using hand tools or simple machines.

Great Inventors During the Industrial Revolution

It was reported that a new method of smelting iron was invented by a man named Abraham Darby. I am now going to give you an in depth explanation of his brand invention. His method was called coke smelting and it was basically replacing charcoal with coal in metal foundries during the process of refining metals. I believe that it was major in this time because of the fact that they were finding less and less charcoal, because it was used so much, and the prices were skyrocketing. More inventors during the Industrial Revolution were James Watt, Eli Whitney, Henry Bessemer, Edward Jenner, and Louis Pasteur. Fist, James Watt was the inventor of the first reliable steam engine. He invented this in 1775 and it was used for machinery as it was the engines for most machines. Next was Eli Whitney and his invention was invented in 1793-1798. He invented the cotton gin with multiple interchangeable parts for muskets. The cotton gin was basically a machine that was used for quickly and easily separating cotton fibers from their seeds. This allowed for greater productivity and after they were separated, the fibers were used to make clothing and other goods. After Whitney, was Henry Bessemer and he invented a series of six team-powered machines for making bronze powder, the bronze powder was then used in the making of gold paint. He was also the man behind the Steel Industry. Next was Edward Jenner and he had multiple inventions all pertaining to medicine. He invented the smallpox vaccination. The Smallpox vaccination was the worlds first vaccination ever to be recorded and because of his success he was often called the “father of immunology”. His work is said to have saved more lives than the work of any other human. Louis Pasteur is the last major inventor during the Industrial revolution and he invented the principles for vaccination, microbial fermentation, and pasteurization.

How has it changed lives?

Many people will ask how did these inventions really change the lives of people during this era and I believe that people’s lives were changed because a way so effective before. So let’s go back and talk about James Watt and what his invention was. Remember that James Watt was the inventor of the first reliable steam engine. This helped so many people because it allowed for them to be able to have faster transportation and it helped them in the manufacturing aspect because it makes the engines work more effectively. It also helped supplies reach places faster which allowed people to have more time for making things like art and clothing. After James Watt, Eli Whitney was the next great inventor and he created the cotton gin. The cotton gin changed so many people’s lives because the fast production from the cotton gin made clothing and cotton products less expensive. Therefore it suited the average citizen. Henry Bessemer was the inventor of the steel making industry and this changed the lives of people because steel was used in all aspects of their lifestyle. They used them at home, at work, and for children at school. The many items that steel helped to make forever changed all of the industries because you cool make manufacturing machines out of steel. Edward Jenner was thought to be so intellectual after his invention of the small pox cure. The number of lives that he has saved from his many vaccinations is sought to be extraordinary. The last inventor was Louis Pasteur and his invention was the principles behind most vaccinations and pasteurization. Without pasteurization many of the world’s dairy products would have to be made and eaten very quickly. Pasteurization and vaccinations has changed many lives because less people have to worry about dying from little things as simple colds and expired food.

A Changed Society

The many inventions of the Industrial Revolution has changed our society by it changed the way people worked, how they were able to buy, and how they lived off these products. The steam engine changed people’s lives because before the invention of the steam engine, people used the power provided by animals, wind and water to farm, mill flour and transport goods and people from place to place. Although none of these sources of energy were as reliable or perpetually renewable as steam, which helped with the efficiency of how fast and easy things were made. The invention of the steam engine helped drive the Industrial Revolution, which created new jobs for people and drew them to urban centers. In Modern day, the cotton gin still operates with the same basic concept that Eli Whitney devised. However, additional services have been added to the original cotton gin design. Now gins can dry the cotton, moisturize it, sort it, clean it and bale it into bundles, getting the cotton completely ready for sale. Because cottons in modern society are widely used in every country in world, these modern cotton gins become essential to the world. The Invention of the steel industry has changed modern day society because without it many of the many luxuries of everyday life that we have now we couldn’t have without it, like there would be no cars or tall buildings that we need to excel these days.