What was a dugout?

A dugout was a shelter for humans based on a hole or depression in the ground. They were mainly completely underground. They were sometimes dug into hillsides. They had flat rooftops covered by earth. They were also be semi-underground, with a constructed wood or sod roof standing out.

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Who invented the dugout?

There was no original dugout inventor. The settlers just started doing it.

How did it help?

It gave settlers a place to live. They were cool in the summer and warm in the winter