Song Dynasty (Years: 420 - 479)
By Miss Rogers
Emperor Taizu, the first ruler of theSong dynasty, unified China by conquering other states and provinces, ending the "Five Dunasties and Ten Kingdoms" period. The Song court also maintained relations with Chola Indian, Fatmid Egypt, Srivijayan Indonesia, the Kara-Khanid Khnate of Central Asia and other countries for trade and allies.
The Song were horrible at military defenses, so they had a hard time keeping barbarians and tribes away. Also, the last ruler, Song; Weiwang, died when he was only 8 years old from drowning at sea. Thus, ending the reign of the Song Dynasty.
Inventions/Technology, Science and Architecture
The Song Dynasty made many things in their time as the rulers of China. They invented cannons, gunpowder, paper money, the "Pont-To-The-South Fish Compass", fireworks, and the solar quadrant/compass. They also made the first restaurants, multipl stage rockets, tea, noodles, movable type (writing/printing), and paper made from worn fishnet, bark and cloth. The Song Dynasty also made printing, junk ships, brick buildings, quality porcelain baked in kilns, comprehensive maps of the Sog area, pontoon buildings, dykes, the famous "Rainbow Bridge", and the earliest record of "Pascal's Triangle", bracket arm clusters, upturned roof corners, pyramidal tomb structures, and water pount locks. A great philosopher, Su Song, even created the first celestial star chart(s).
In the Song Dynasty, they build temples to worship Buddha, the Lingziao Pagoda of Shengding in Heibei, built in 1045. Finally, the most famous structure ever built in the Song Dynasty, the "Rainbow Bridge". It was the most used road for trading.