Viral STD, HIV

By: Isabella Greason and Kelly Hamilton

What does HIV stand for?

Stands for, Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Curable or not curable?

This is sexually transmitted virus that is not curable.

How is it transmitted?

HIV is transmitted through infected body fluids which are vaginal fluids, semen, breast milk and blood.

Can also be transmitted through shared needles such as piercings and tattooing.

What does HIV do?

HIV is a virus that attacks and weakens the immune system. Your immune system is to help fight infections.
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What are the symptoms of HIV?

There are no symptoms immediately noticeable after a person was infected. However people could be mistaken for for having the flu because symptoms are very similar.


- sore throat

- fatigue

- fever

- headache

- muscle aches

- nausea

- lack of appetite

- swollen glands

- rash over entire body

Symptoms vanish after about 1-4 weeks and the person may not know if they have HIV.

HIV cannot be transmitted through

- sneezing coughing or breathing on food

- hugging shacking hands or using public toilets touching door nobs or sharing drinking fountains

- contact with urine feces sputum sweat or nasal secretions (unless blood is clearly visible)

- insect or animal bites

- sharing work or home environment

How a Doctor Diagnoses HIV

Medical professionals test for and diagnose HIV infection by looking for existence of specific antibodies in the blood or saliva. Doctors use the ELISA test. Because of the time it takes for the body to produce those antibodies. The test cannot be accurate until three months prior to possible infection. To affirm a positive ELISA test, medical professionals look for antibodies using the Western blot immunoassay test. These tests are both very accurate. Used together they identify many cases of HIV Infection.


The p24 antigen test discovers early infections faster than the antibody tests do. This test is also used to identify infections in infants born to HIV-infected mothers.

Prevention

The best way to prevent yourself from HIV is abstinence which is not having sex of any type. However female and male condoms protect against HIV infections.

Treatment

There is no current treatment for HIV, but the treatment is improving. People who have this virus and are treated live longer and healthier lives than before.

Testing

There is a three month window to getting tested for HIV. This test doesn't detect any infections over the past three months, it detects 97% of HIV cases.

The RNA testing detects HIV earlier than any other antibody tests, it takes 9-11 days after infection. It takes up to 3 months after you're infected to develop antibodies. An antibody is a blood protien produced to detect bacterial viruses and any foreign substances in the blood.

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