Cystic Fibrosis

Aavanth & Reed

Full Name is Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator

How do we get this condition?

It is a recessive disorder, which means that both parents must be carriers or have the condition to give it to the offspring.

What is the Cause of This?

It is caused by a faulty gene (known as the CFTR gene). The CFTR gene normally creates a protein that moves salt and water out of a cell. If the CFTR gene is defective, it results in a build-up of thick, sticky mucus in the body's tubes and passageways.
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Symptoms vary and can include cough, repeated lung infections, inability to gain weight, and fatty stools. These are just a few of the symptoms that can come with cystic fibrosis.

Who is Affected by This?

Cystic fibrosis is a common genetic disease with the white population in the United States. The disease occurs in 1 in 2,500 to 3,500 white newborns. Cystic fibrosis is less common in other ethnic groups, affecting about 1 in 17,000 African Americans and 1 in 31,000 Asian Americans.


Antibiotics: Piperacillin​/​Tazobactam, Azithromycin by mouth (Zithromax), Aztreonam by inhaling, Ciprofloxacin by mouth (Cipro), Tobramycin by inhaling (Tobi)

Antibiotics by injection: Gentamicin, Azithromycin (Zithromax), Meropenem, Amikacin, Aztreonam (Azactam), Ciprofloxacin (Cipro), Tobramycin, Ceftazidime (Fortaz)

Mucolytic agents: Acetylcysteine by inhaling

Other treatments: Sodium chloride by inhaling or nasally (Ocean), Dornase alfa by inhaling.

These are the treatments for this disease.

Could It have been prevented?

Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disorder that cannot be prevented.

People Who Have This Condition Normally Live About 37 Years


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