Cystic Fibrosis

Aavanth & Reed

Full Name is Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator

How do we get this condition?

It is a recessive disorder, which means that both parents must be carriers or have the condition to give it to the offspring.

What is the Cause of This?

It is caused by a faulty gene (known as the CFTR gene). The CFTR gene normally creates a protein that moves salt and water out of a cell. If the CFTR gene is defective, it results in a build-up of thick, sticky mucus in the body's tubes and passageways.
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Symptoms?

Symptoms vary and can include cough, repeated lung infections, inability to gain weight, and fatty stools. These are just a few of the symptoms that can come with cystic fibrosis.

Who is Affected by This?

Cystic fibrosis is a common genetic disease with the white population in the United States. The disease occurs in 1 in 2,500 to 3,500 white newborns. Cystic fibrosis is less common in other ethnic groups, affecting about 1 in 17,000 African Americans and 1 in 31,000 Asian Americans.

Treatments?

Antibiotics: Piperacillin​/​Tazobactam, Azithromycin by mouth (Zithromax), Aztreonam by inhaling, Ciprofloxacin by mouth (Cipro), Tobramycin by inhaling (Tobi)

Antibiotics by injection: Gentamicin, Azithromycin (Zithromax), Meropenem, Amikacin, Aztreonam (Azactam), Ciprofloxacin (Cipro), Tobramycin, Ceftazidime (Fortaz)

Mucolytic agents: Acetylcysteine by inhaling

Other treatments: Sodium chloride by inhaling or nasally (Ocean), Dornase alfa by inhaling.

These are the treatments for this disease.

Could It have been prevented?

Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disorder that cannot be prevented.

People Who Have This Condition Normally Live About 37 Years

Citations

"The Boomer Esiason Foundation." The Boomer Esiason Foundation. Web. 24 Mar. 2016.


"WebMD - Better Information. Better Health." WebMD. WebMD. Web. 24 Mar. 2016.


"Learn Genetics." Learn Genetics. Web. 24 Mar. 2016.


"Mayo Clinic." Mayo Clinic. Web. 24 Mar. 2016.


"SlideShare.net." Www.slideshare.net. Web. 24 Mar. 2016.