- Changes in bowel habits, such as diarrhea, constipation, and stool consistency
- Rectal bleeding
- Blood in stool
- Persistent abdominal discomfort (i.e. pain, cramps, gas, etc.)
- Weakness or fatigue
- Unexplained weight loss
Experiencing any or all of these symptoms on a consistent basis could indicate you have colon cancer, so see your doctor immediately.
Causes and Risk Factors
Prevention and Diagnosis
Surgery can be as minor as a polyp removal, performed during the early stages of cancer, or as serious as a colectomy. A colectomy is conducted when the cancer becomes invasive, and it involves removing the infected part of the colon and reconnecting the healthy tissue.
- Radiation therapy
Radiation therapy is commonly used alongside surgery to target and reduce swelling of the infected area.
Chemotherapy is the use of drugs to eradicate cancerous cells. It is usually reserved until the cancer has spread, and chemo can help reduce the risk of the cancer reocurring.