Welcom to Botswana

7th Mizuki Hayashi

Geography of Botswana

Botswana is a landlocked country located in Southern Africa , north of South Africa .Botswana occupies an area of 600,370 square kilometres, of which 585,000km² are land.Botswana has land boundaries of combined length 4,013 kilometers, of which the constituent boundaries are shared with Namibia , for 1,360 km; South Africa 1,840 km;Zimbabwe , 813 km and Zambia , less than 1 km. Much of the population of Botswana is concentrated in the eastern part of the country.

Botswana is semi-arid, due to the short rain season.

Sunshine totals are high all year round although winter is the sunniest period.

History of Botswana

1967 - Diamonds discovered at Orapa.

1980 - Botswana is founder member of Southern African Development Coordination Conference (SADCC), grouping which aims to reduce region's economic reliance on South Africa.

1998 June - Botswana Congress Party established after split in BNF and is declared official opposition after most BNF deputies switch allegiance.

2004 March - HIV infection rate falls to 37.5%; Botswana no longer has the world's highest rate of infection

2008 October - Botswana's former President Festus Mogae wins a $5m prize set up to encourage good governance in Africa

2013 November - Global diamond giant De Beers completes the move of its rough stone sales operation from London to Gaborone, in what is seen as a step towards turning Botswana into one of the world's top diamond hubs.

Culture of Botswana.

The term Batswana also refers to the largest ethnic group in the country – the Tswana, who make up around two-thirds of the population and speak Setswana.

Alongside the official language of English, Setswana is the main language of the country.

The earliest artists were the Bushman people , masters of rock painting and supreme crafters, using either wood, leather or ostrich shell.