Stephen Williams Hawking

Type of sceintist:Physicist, Scientist


  • Born: Jan 08, 1942 (age 73) · Oxford, England
  • Height: 5' 7" (1.69 m)
  • Net worth: $20 million USD (2015)
  • Spouse: Elaine Mason (1995 - 2006) · Jane Wilde (1965 - 1995)
  • Related movies: The Theory of Everything
  • Children: Lucy Hawking (Daughter) · Robert Hawking (Son)

    · Timothy Hawking (Son)

  • Academic advisor: Dennis W. Sciama

  • Awards: Presidential Medal of Freedom (2009) · Albert Einstein Award (1978)

    · Copley Medal (2006) · Wolf Prize in Physics (1988) · Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society (1985) · Albert Einst…

  • Education: University of Oxford (1959 - 1962) · Trinity Hall (1962 - 1966)

    · St Albans School · St Albans High School for Girls

  • Most important inventories or ideas

    In 1974, Hawking's research turned him into a celebrity within the scientific world when he showed that black holes aren't the information vacuums that scientists had thought they were. In simple terms, Hawking demonstrated that matter, in the form of radiation, can escape the gravitational force of a collapsed star. Hawking radiation was born.

    The announcement sent shock waves of excitement through the scientific world, and put Hawking on a path that's been marked by awards, notoriety and distinguished titles. He was named a fellow of the Royal Society at the age of 32, and later earned the prestigious Albert Einstein Award, among other honors.

    Why is he inspirational to the students

    He's confined to a wheelchair, unable to speak, almost totally unable to move, and yet he has one of the keenest minds in history, holds the prestigious Lucasian chair at Cambridge, travels all over the world lecturing, is an author of several books, and has even taken a zero-G flight.

    Characteristics of Stephen Hawking

    Bright : He was a very smart child and he was always very lively.

    Family man : He have always loved his family more than anything in the world.
    Creative : He is very much described as creative, because of his bright ideas on the universe. He always was very creative as a child and came up with some of the brightest ideas for his age.

    Open minded : Even though he changed a lot of scientist theories of others scientist, they also gave him a great opinions. he was very open minded and loved to hear other scientists opinion.

    Nice : With his famous grin, he was always described as nice. He respected everyone around me and was a very loving man to his two sisters and his parents and his wife.


    2.what unique experiences does the scientist have that enable him or her to be an effective leader? That he's paralyzed , and still he does stuff like play in movies and stuff.

    3.How has the scientist promote his vision? Being in movies , and being famous.

    4.How have collaborative efforts of his affected the past, the present and perhaps the future? how he affect the past and the present is showing that he says it possible to time travel which can effect past, present, and the future

    Accomplishments and leadership skills

    Stephen Hawking, Lucasian Professor of Mathematics, is famous for a number of scientific theories and commercial publications. His most famous book, "A Brief History of Time," brought the concept of black holes and the Big Bang to the general public.

    Big Bang

    Stephen Hawking has worked on the basic laws which govern the universe. With Roger Penrose he showed that Einstein's General Theory of Relativity implied space and time would have a beginning in the Big Bang and an end in black holes. These results indicated that it was necessary to unify General Relativity with Quantum Theory, the other great Scientific development of the first half of the 20th Century. One consequence of such a unification that he discovered was that black holes should not be completely black, but rather should emit radiation and eventually evaporate and disappear. Another conjecture is that the universe has no edge or boundary in imaginary time. This would imply that the way the universe began was completely determined by the laws of science.