Climate and Geography
Cultural and History
Recreation and Holidays
New Years Eve is called Hogmanay, which is celebrated with bonfires and feasts. A tradition is to center the first person to enter a home after midnight, called a first-footer. The first-footer is to carry bread, coal and money. A New Years drink is a spiced ale from a wassail bowl, which is gaelic for "be well"
A festival occurs on St. Davids Day which is celebrated for the patron saint of Wales. (March 1st)
St. Patrick's Day is in honor of Ireland's patron saint. People dress in green. Is spent quiet with family and friends.
Guy Fawkes Night(Nov. 5th) is named for a man who tried to blow up the house of parliament in 1605. The get fireworks and have bonfires. The stuff things into clothes by the bonfire to represent Guy Fawkes.
Hearty and Filling. Cooks use locally grown food.
The early Anglo-Saxons hunted, fished, gathered nuts and berried. Eventually made small gardens. Brewed ale from barley, made milk from sheep, cattle into butter and cheese, grain into bread. Roasted meat.
Bread, meat, cheese, pies, and puddings are still staples today. Steamed puddings, pickled meats are famous foods along with sweet pies, crumpets, and sweet yeast bread(Sally Lunn)
Kippers(split and slated herring)
Fish and Chips(deep fried fish with british style french fries)
Shepherd's Pie(chopped meat and leftover veggies topped with mashed potatoes and baked)
Toad in the Hole(thick batter over leftover meat and baking the thing)
Fruit and Veggies-
Apple(baked, apple charlotte, apple crumbs, apple pudding, apple sponge) Strawberries and thick cream. Carrots, spinach, peas, beans, cabbage, potatoes, onions are grown in gardens.
Pies and Puddings-
Steak and Kidney Pie(diced kidney w/ cubes of beef and gravy with pastry crust)
Each pudding starts wit h milk, sugar, eggs, flour and butter.
Breakfast- eggs, bacon, baked beans, fried bread, and tea.
Lunch- hearty meat and cheese sandwich with tea.
Tea is drank throughout the whole day.(may be known as a light meal)
Simple and Wholesome Foods.Oats and Barley are staple foods.
Haggis(Pudding made from oatmeal, seasonings, and a sheep's organ)
Barley makes all the ales and liquors.
beef, lamb, and mutton are common. Fish is also common.
Scottish broth and Cock-a-leekie are common soups.
Breakfast- large amounts of porridge with baps (breakfast rolls), kippers, tea.
Baking Skills are most apparent at high tea, which is at 6. which is scones(triangle shaped biscuits), shortbread(buttery cookie), dundee cake(fruit cake with almonds), black bun(fruit cake w/pastry)
Lamb and Mutton are very common in welsh diet.
Cawl(soup made from mutton and leeks and other veggies)
beef, pork, veal and seafood are eaten. They grow potatoes, carrots, and other veggies and put them into stews.
Tatws Saw(potatoes mushed w/ buttermilk)
Bara Brith(bread filled w/currants)
Welsh Rabbit is toast covered with rich cheese or sauce.
Potatoes is the mainstay diet. In 1847 the potato crop failed and thousands of irish people died. They use them in soups, stews, breads, rolls, cakes.
Boxty(fried cakes from raw potatoes, flour and salt.
Champ(mashed potatoes and scallions)
Corned beef and cabbage is well known
Serve fist lamb of year on Easter Sunday.
Best known for boiled hams.
Irish breads can be called best in the world. Serve eggs, cold meat and salads at tea.
BarmBrack(fruitcake with butter)
porridge, eggs, bread and butter, and tea. Dinner is in the middle of the day. Tea is at 6
Hogmanay- Scotland call New's Year Eve
First-Footer-person first in the house after 12
Wassail Bowl-toast of sweet ale
St. Davids Day- honors patron Saint of Wales
St. Patricks Day- Ireland's patron saint
Guy Fawkes Night- english holiday
Kippers- split and salted herring
Fish and Chips- deep fried fish w/ french fries
Bubble and Squeak- leftover beef and potatoes
Shepherd's pie- meat and leftover vegies with mashed potatoes
Steak and Kidney pie-diced kidney w/beef and gravy
Pudding Basin- where pudding are steamed
Summer Pudding-not boild or steamed
Trifle- pudding cake
tea- light meal
crumpets-like english muffin
Haggis- pudding made from oatmeal
Scotch Broth- lamb and barley
cock-a-leekie- chicken broth and leeks
Finnan haddie- split and smoked haddock
baps-soft breakfast rolls
Cawl- hearty soup from mutton
Tatws Slaw- potatoes mashed w/ buttermilk
Crempog- buttermilk cakes
Bara cerich- oatcakes
Bara brith- bread w/ currants
Welsh Rabbit- taost and rich cheese sauce
Black Famine- potato famine in 1847
Boxty- fried cakes made from potatoes
Champ- scallions w/ melted butter
Colcannon- scallions and cabbage
Corned Beef and Cabbage-beef brisket
Irish Stew- lamb and potatoes in gravy
BarmBrack- light fruit cake
People throughout the British Isles love relaxing with friends in a pub or public place.
The name England comes from the name "Land of the Angles"In 1937 Ireland became it's own country.
In gaelic Ireland is Eire