Events Leading up to the Civil War

By: Tierney Finnegan-Kilgore

The Compromise of 1850

They ended up making a very strict law called the Fugitive Slave Act. Which had made the North return their slaves to their rightful owner. In which they had escaped from their owners using 'The Underground Railroad". When the south got their slaves back the Compromise was successful just until the South had decided that they wanted to separate from the North.


1st picture- www.uni.edu/cutter/maps.htm


2nd picture- http://www.texasescapes.com/WestTexasTowns/Cheyenne-Texas.htm

The Fugitive Slave Law of 1850

Even if you weren't a slave as in you where born a free slave you were still sent to the south. This is what the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 did it would send slaves who have escaped from the south back. If you were a colored man or woman you would be sent to the south even if you didn't escape from your owner.


1st picture- http://raunerlibrary.blogspot.com/2012_10_14_archive.html


2nd picture- http://purehistory.org/collection/9424/underground-railroad-in-lycoming-county-penn.html

The Dred Scott Decision of 1857

When his owner passed on he went to court demanding that his family and himself not be slaves, but the Supreme Court did not agree so they made the law saying that black's are not people. That they are just property and that the white men are bound to respect that. The Dred Scott Decision of 1857 made the effect of widening the political and social gap between the North and the South. Which brought the nation even closer to the Civil War.


1st Picture- http://www.pbs.org/wnet/supremecourt/personality/landmark_dred.html


2nd Picture- http://causesofthecivilwar.wikispaces.com/The+Dred+Scott+v.+Sanford+decision+1857

The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854

They opened up new land for settlement and you were able to choose to have slavery or not in that area. There was a new Republican Party created, but it was created for the opposition of the act. This is when the North elected their first President Abraham Lincoln in 1860.






1st Picture- http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f7/Reynolds%27s_Political_Map_of_the_United_States_1856.jpg


2nd Picture- http://legalhistoryblog.blogspot.com/2013/02/marzen-on-kansas-nebraska-act.html

John Brown's Raid of 1859

He gave Douglass the idea to lead a war to free slaves. When he got back he thought more about having a war in Virginia against slavery. He went looking for money to find an army that he could lead. He put his plan to work on October 16, 1859 along with 21 other men, 5 black men and 16 white men.


1st picture- http://www.civilwaracademy.com/images/john-brown.jpg


2nd picture- http://www.lva.virginia.gov/public/guides/Civil-War/img/JohnBrown1.jpg