The Troubles

Conflict In Northern Ireland

General

Overview of Conflict

  • "The Troubles" is a name given to the thirty year long conflict between Northern Ireland and The Republic of Ireland. The conflict is between The Catholic Nationalists and The Protestant Unionists over whether or not to continue to be unite with Great Britain, or become one Ireland, not having the North being part of the U.K. This conflict is believed to have began around 1968 and thought to be resolved 1998 with The Good Friday Agreement , though conflict is still present and continuing today.

Location of Conflict

Type of Dispute

  • This is both a border and political dispute.
  • Border because of Northern Ireland remaining separate and loyal to the United Kingdom, while The Republic of Ireland choices to be its own country. Leaving these two countries either seeking unity or independence from one another.
  • Political because while remaining separate states, that means different political views and operations, as an example unionist and nationalist.

Shape

  • Ireland is considered, territorially, as a Compact State with a rounder and complete shape. The boundary between Northern Ireland and The Republic of Ireland is a Subsequent Boundary drawn to accommodate political needs.
  • The shape really plays more as a hindrance to the conflict, rather than helping it. The position so close to the United Kingdom is one of the main reasons for the separation, and since it is s compact island, they cant receive easy help from their British allies.

Type of state

  • Northern Ireland is considered a Multinational-State, combining with other Nation-States such as Wales, England, and Scotland to form The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

Forces of Conflict

  • Centripetal Forces were being together on same island, economical concerns, nationality,
  • Centrifugal forces were religious associations, country associations, political associations, and willingness to resolve

Outside Influences

  • The only other main contributor to the conflict is Northern Ireland's ally Great Britain. They have sent military back up to Northern Ireland,assisting against the IRA and providing alternative peace agreements to both sides. They act as sort of a mediator to help keeps things civil but as is.

Timeline

Republic of Ireland Forms

Monday, April 24th 1916 at 12pm

Ireland

Norethern Ireland Formed

Tuesday, May 3rd 1921 at 12pm

Northern Ireland, United Kingdom

Northern Ireland

Civil Rights Campaign

Saturday, Oct. 5th 1968 at 12pm

Londonderry, Ireland

Some consider it the starting point of "The Trouble" period in northern Ireland.

Operation Demetrius (Internment)

Friday, Sep. 10th 1971 at 12pm

Northern Ireland, United Kingdom

Northern Ireland

Ulster Workers' Council strike

Wednesday, May 15th 1974 at 12-12pm

Northern Ireland, United Kingdom

Northern Ireland

Irish Hunger Strikes

Monday, Oct. 27th 1980 at 12pm to Wednesday, Feb. 4th 1981 at 12pm

Northern Ireland, United Kingdom

Northern Ireland

The Sunningdale Agreement

Sunday, Dec. 9th 1973 at 9pm

Berkshire, Sunningdale, United Kingdom

Sunningdale, England

Anglo-Irish Agreement

Friday, Nov. 15th 1985 at 12pm

Ireland

Good Friday (Belfast) Agreement

Friday, April 10th 1998 at 12pm

Ireland

The Omagh Bomb

Saturday, Aug. 15th 1998 at 9pm

Omagh, United Kingdom

Omagh, Northern Ireland

Conclusion

Our Opinion

  • While we can understand The Republic of Ireland wanting the entire island to remain as one country, Northern Ireland has expressed that they wish ti remain as part of the United Kingdom. They should be allowed to remain as such, since it wasn't causing harm to Ireland in general.
  • The Republic of Ireland must realize that by continuing conflict they are harming chances of a united nation, and Northern Ireland must realize that complying with some of The Republic of Ireland;s demands are necessary to continue to live as part of The United Kingdom.