First Aid For Adults
Shock symptoms include cold sweat, weakness, irregular breathing, chills, pale or bluish lips and fingernails, rapid weak pulse and nausea.
- Call 9-1-1 or seek medical help immediately, as shock can be life threatening.
- Do not give the victim anything to eat or drink.
- Lay the victim on his/her back, but do not move him/her if there's a back or neck injury. If the victim is unconscious, vomiting or has severe injury to the lower face or jaw, lay him/her on his/her side and be sure the victim is getting adequate air.
- Keep the victim warm (not hot) by use of blankets or clothes.
- Raise the victim's feet and legs with a pillow. (Only do this if it does not cause the victim any pain.)
Cuts & Wounds
Call 911 if: the cut is bleeding severely or blood is spurting OR if you can't stop the bleeding in 10 minutes.
Take the following steps for minor cuts.
1. Stop the Bleeding
- Apply direct pressure on the area.
2. Clean and Protect
- Clean the area with warm water and gentle soap.
- Apply an antibiotic ointment to reduce chance of infection.
- Put a sterile bandage on the area. In some people, antibiotic ointments may cause a rash. If this happens, stop using the ointment.
If the person is conscious:
- Give them 5 back blows between the shoulder blades
- Give them 5 abdominal thrusts with your fist, just above the navel until the object comes out.
CPR - if the person is not breathing -- CALL 911
- Place victim on their back
- Place the heel of one hand on the victim's breastbone, 2 finger-widths above the meeting area of the lower ribs
- Place your second hand on top of the first hand, palms-down, interlock the fingers of the second hand between the first.
- Position your body directly over your hands, so that your arms are straight and somewhat rigid
- Perform 30 chest compressions. Press down with both hands directly over the breastbone to perform a compression, which helps the heart beat
- Continue the process until help arrives
- Cool the burn under cool running water until the pain eases
- Do not break blisters
- Apply aloe vera
- Take over-the-counter pain reliever if needed
- Cover the burned area
- Consider a tetanus shot, if needed