First Aid For Adults

Shock

Shock symptoms include cold sweat, weakness, irregular breathing, chills, pale or bluish lips and fingernails, rapid weak pulse and nausea.
  • Call 9-1-1 or seek medical help immediately, as shock can be life threatening.
  • Do not give the victim anything to eat or drink.
  • Lay the victim on his/her back, but do not move him/her if there's a back or neck injury. If the victim is unconscious, vomiting or has severe injury to the lower face or jaw, lay him/her on his/her side and be sure the victim is getting adequate air.
  • Keep the victim warm (not hot) by use of blankets or clothes.
  • Raise the victim's feet and legs with a pillow. (Only do this if it does not cause the victim any pain.)

Cuts & Wounds

Call 911 if: the cut is bleeding severely or blood is spurting OR if you can't stop the bleeding in 10 minutes.

Take the following steps for minor cuts.

1. Stop the Bleeding

  • Apply direct pressure on the area.

2. Clean and Protect

  • Clean the area with warm water and gentle soap.
  • Apply an antibiotic ointment to reduce chance of infection.
  • Put a sterile bandage on the area. In some people, antibiotic ointments may cause a rash. If this happens, stop using the ointment.
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Choking

If the person is conscious:
  • Give them 5 back blows between the shoulder blades
  • Give them 5 abdominal thrusts with your fist, just above the navel until the object comes out.

CPR - if the person is not breathing -- CALL 911

  • Place victim on their back
  • Place the heel of one hand on the victim's breastbone, 2 finger-widths above the meeting area of the lower ribs
  • Place your second hand on top of the first hand, palms-down, interlock the fingers of the second hand between the first.
  • Position your body directly over your hands, so that your arms are straight and somewhat rigid
  • Perform 30 chest compressions. Press down with both hands directly over the breastbone to perform a compression, which helps the heart beat
  • Continue the process until help arrives

Minor Burns

  • Cool the burn under cool running water until the pain eases
  • Do not break blisters
  • Apply aloe vera
  • Take over-the-counter pain reliever if needed
  • Cover the burned area
  • Consider a tetanus shot, if needed