A Modest Proposal

Jonathan Swift

In the essay “a modest proposal” (1729), Jonathan Swift, he argues that “in the present deplorable State of the Kingdom, a very great additional Grievance."(paragrapg2) That poor economic reason called a self-righteous moral stance, find the way for solve these problems.

Swift develops his ideas by gives data about the number of children to become food and how to make that food (“year old a most delicious, nourishing,…”), practice of selling and eating children will have positive effects on family morality (“devoured most of the parents”), and solve Ireland's complex social, political, and economic problems (“advanced contradiction to my scheme, and offering better”).

Swift’s purpose is in order to point out the flaws in the poor economy. (“poor people in Ireland from being a burden to their parents or country, and for making them beneficial to the public”)

Swift opens and closes the essay about Ireland but generally more specific audience is England that in order to present the moral injustice which responsible for creating (“no danger in disobliging England”). The tone is sarcasm because he wrote this proposal sarcastically denounce the mindset of the industrial revolution that people as being merely a commodity to be exploited (“Surplus Population”).