Obsesive Compulsive Disorder

By: Rachel Cespedes and Natalie Tilley

What is O. C. D.?

“Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is when a person must perform a certain ritual or task repeatedly, leading the person to have no control.”

Signs and Symptoms of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

“Signs and symptoms of O. C. D. are repeating tasks to have a sense of relief, spending an hour a day on the thoughts and rituals, and not being able to control the thoughts. People with O.C. D. may be overly tidy, keep unneeded items, have to count, must have an organized schedule, have a fear of intrusion, have a fear of hurting loved ones, or constantly washing your hands.”

What percentage of adolescents suffer from this disorder?

“Obsessive Compulsive Disorder affects about 2.2 million Americans adults each year. One third of adults will have O.C.D. that started at childhood or ran in the family.”

What is the available treatment for youth? Is there any counseling or medication available to treat O. C. D.?

“Psychotherapy and medication are treatments available for youth. Psychotherapy is when the person affected learns to control his/ her thoughts, compulsive actions, how to react in situations, and helps reduce their anxiety. A form of psychotherapy is exposure and response, which is a common and effective treatment. Medication that is given includes anti-depressants and anxiety relievers. These medications usually are given out after therapy does not work. They also have a tendency to take a while to work and should not be taken for long periods of time.”

Local facilities that specialize in treating Obsessive Compulsive Disorder?

“The International O. C. D. Foundation can help people find therapists, clinics, support groups, local affiliates, global partners, and more online resources in your local area. Local facilities include Roger’s Memorial Hospital and the Anxiety and Stress Disorder Clinic at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.