Bipolar Disorder

By: Bennett Pitts

What is Bipolar disorder?

The brain needs a certain chemical known as neurotransmitters which feed the neurons in your brain. These chemicals help you control your emotions, behaviors, and your moods. People with bipolar disorder either lack these chemicals or have too much of them, causing extreme highs and lows. There are many types of bipolar but there are two main types. Depending on how fast your mood changes and how severe the moods are decides what type you have. Bipolar one has very distinct mood changes, which allows you to know if they are in the manic stage or depressive stage. Bipolar two is much more common than bipolar one. Usually people with bipolar two aren't able to see the signs in themselves so they would have to rely on others to get help for them.

Signs and Symptoms

There is usually two stages of bipolar, there is a depressive stage, and a manic stage. You could also have something called a mixed episode, this is when you have both stages at once. When in the depressive stage you may see yourself becoming distant from friends or family, you may find yourself feeling sad or anxious. Your may become fatigued, or have a loss in interest in activities that might have once made you happy. You may feel hopeless or guilty, you might have a lack or gain of appetite or sleep. Or you might have thoughts of suicide or hurting yourself and others. When one is in the manic stage you may find yourself acting recklessly, or partaking in dangerous activities. You could feel overly happy or have racing thoughts. It is also reported that you might feel easily bothered or distracted. You could also feel extremely confident in yourself.

How does one get bipolar disorder and who gets it?

The cause of bipolar disorder is not known. To become diagnosed with bipolar disorder you would have to see a psychiatrist. Anyone can get Bipolar disorder. You are more likely to get it though if you have a sibling or parent that has bipolar. Youre likely to develop Bipolar disorder in your teens and young adults. Bipolar disorder usually lasts a lifetime but you can take medication that decrease the symptoms.


For treatment you should start medication as soon as possible. The medication you take will typically depend on your symptoms, but you will typically start on mood stabilizing medication. If you do not want to take medication therapy is also an option, and diets with lots of fruit and vegetables are recommended. Antidepressant, anti seizure, and anti anxiety pills may be diagnosed. Some medications include, lithium and valproic acid are commonly used mood stabilizers.

Some people with Bipolar Disorder

Works Cited

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Mayo Clinic. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, n.d. Web. 13 Jan. 2014. < drugs>.

McCoy, Krisha. "Bipolar Disorder: Manic-Depressive Illness; Manic Depression; Manic Disorder; Manic Affective Disorder." Consumer Health Complete. N.p., n.d. Web. <>.

Zieman, Gayle. "Bipolar Disorder." Consumer Health Complete. N.p., n.d. Web.