By: Josie Hemesath


Slaves were Africans that were taken against their will to America to work in homes, plantations, or factories. A lot of slaves were used for picking cotton during the Industrial Revolution while cotton was in high demand. Slaves were kept for over two-hundred years until President Abraham Lincoln gave the Emancipation Proclamation.

The Underground Railroad

The Underground Railroad was a network of secret routes and safe houses used for transporting slaves out of the south. Harriet Tubman, a former slave, was a "conductor" for the Underground Railroad and made 19 trips to slave country and helped over 300 slaves. The reward for catching her and turning her in was 40,000 dollars.


Many songs had hidden messages talking about the path to freedom and some gave directions to escape to the north. The words to "Follow the Drinking Gourd" had a full map of how to escape to Canada included in it. Many songs had religious meaning and helped remind the Africans of their homeland